Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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89-
man of low dissolute habits, but a recent
convert to poper^', they took no heed of
his letters, and they elected another person.
In the contest that ensued they acted with
the greatest spirit, and though the new pre-
sident and fjve-and-twenty of the fellows
were expelled, the university would not
submit.
This resistance of the loyal university of
Oxford should have caused the king to
pause in his course, but bhnded by his bi-
gotry, he hurried on to his ruin. With the
hope of gaining over the dissenters, who
had been cruelly persecuted by the church |
in the late reign, he had issued a declara-
tion, granting liberty of conscience; and now
urged by his confessor, father Peter, a je-
suit, who was to him his evil genius, he
gave orders for its being read out in all
the churches at the time of divine service.
The London clergy met and signed a re-
fusal to comply with the order, which they
forwarded to the primate; and that prelate,
and six other bishops, signed and presented
a petition to the king on the subject. When
the day appointed for reading the declara-
tion came, it was read in only seven chur-
ches in London, and in a very few in the
country. Contrary to the advice of his
wisest counsellors, the king resolved to have
the bishops prosecuted in the court of king's
bench. They were previously summoned be-
fore the privy-council, and when they had
acknowledged their signatures, a warrant
was made out for their committal to the
Tower. As they proceeded to the barges
which were to convey them thither, the
people gave vent to their feelings in tears
and prayers, and implored their blessing.
Both banks of the river were lined with
spectators, who fell on their knees and
prayed for them. At the Tower, officers
and men alike of the guard, asked their
blessing, and in spite of the catholic lieute-
nant, the men every day drank their healths.
The nobihty resorted daily to the Tower;
and one day a deputation of ten dissenting
ministers arrived to thank the prelates for
their constancy to the protestant religion.
When the day of trial came, the bishops,
who had been left at liberty on their en-
gaging to appear, entered the court of
king's bench, attended by a numerous troop
of the nobility and gentry. Of the four
judges, one alone could be regarded as im-
partial, for one was a catholic, and the other
two were the slaves of the court; the jury,
also, had been selected, and the king and
his friends felt certain of success. The
event, however, deceived them; the jury,
after being shut up the whole night, in con-
sequence of the obstinacy of the kings
brewer, who was one of them, came into
court at nine o'clock next morning and pro-
nounced their verdict, Not Guilty. A shout
of joy instantly arose in the court; it was
taken up without ; it spread over the city ;
it reached the camp on Hounslow-heath.
and was repeated by the soldiers. The
king, who was dining with lord Feversharn,
inquired the cause; he was told it was for
the acquittal of the bishops. 'So much the
worse for them,' was his remark.
If James had said 'So much the worse
for me,' he would have been nearer the
truth, for this very thing hastened his down-
fall, by assuring the friends of religion and
liberty that he had not the support of the
people to rely on. They had, in fact, long
been in communication with the prince of
Orange, whose wife was the next heir to
the crown; and it had been resolved to wait
quietly for her succession. But now to Ja-
mes's misfortune, his queen, who had ceas-
ed from child-bearing for five years, was
deUvered of a son — a blessing, as the king
believed, bestowed on the prayers which he
had made on a pilgrimage to St. Winifred's
well in Wales. The event filled him with
joy, for he now felt sure that it would not
be in the power of his heretical daughters
to undo his pious work; and that, under a
catholic successor, the whole nation would
be brought once more under the yoke
of Rome. To his great mortification, he
found that not one in a thousand of his
protestant subjects believed in the reahty
of the birth, and that the child was regard-
ed as supposititious. We may here observe
that this opinion was totally unfounded, and
that there never was a prince of Wales
whose legitimacy was more certain than
that of this ill-fated prince.
The birth of the prince, moreover, decid-
ed the friends of the prince of Orange. An
invitation to come to the relief of the coun-
try, signed by the bishop of London, the
earls of Shrewsbury. Danby, Devonshire, and
others, was sent to him; and he immediate-
ly commenced making preparations for the
invasion of England. James, when inform-
ed by the king of France, would not give
credit to the account; but when he was at
last convinced of its truth, he began to
prepare for the defence of his throne. He
assembled a fleet, he called out the militia,
he gave commissions for raising regiments,
he recalled troops from Scotland and Ire-
land; and the army, under lord Feversharn,
soon amounted to forty thousand men. At
the same time, he tried to ingratiate him-
self with his protestant subjects by show-