Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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timber, the materials of which the houses
were formerly composed. The necessity
was so urgent, and the occasion so extra-
ordinary, that no exceptions were taken at
an exercise of autiiority, which otherwise
might have been deemed illegal: had the
King been enabled to carry his power still
farther, and made the houses be rebuilt
with perfect regularity, and entirely on one
plan, he had much contributed to the con-
venience as well as embellishment of the
City; great advantages, however, have re-
sulted from the alternations, though not
carried to the full length. London became
much more healthy after the fire; the plague,
which used to break out with great fury
twice or thrice every century, and indeed
was always lurking in some corner of the
City, has scarcely ever appeared since that
calamity. (Hume.)
At the time of King Charles 11. were
first heard two nicknames which, though
originally given in insult, were soon assumed
with pride, which are still in daily use,
which have spread as widely as the English
race, and which will last as long as the
English literature. It is a curious ciixum-
stance that one of these nicknames w^as of
Scotch, and the other of Irish, origin. Both
in Scotland and Ireland, misgovernment had
called into existence bands of desperate
men whose ferocity was heightened by re-
ligious enthusiasm. In Scotland, some ofthe
persecuted Covenanters, driven mad by op-
pression, had lately murdered the Primate,
had taken arms against the government,
had obtained some advantages against the
King's forces, and had not been put down
till Monmouth, at the head of some troops
from England, had routed them at Bothwell
Bridge. These zealots were most numerous
among the rustics of the western lowlands,
who were vulgarly called Whigs. Thus
the appellation of Whig was fastened on
the Presbyterian zealots of Scotland, and
was transferred to those English politicians
who showed a disposition to oppose the
court, and to treat Protestant Nonconformists
with indulgence. The bogs of Ireland, at
the same time, afforded a refuge to Popish
outlaws, much resembling those who were
afterwards known as Whiteboys. These
men were then called Tories. The name
of Tory was therefore given to Englishmen
who refused to concur in excluding a Roman
Catholic prince (James 11.) from the throne.
It was observed by the ancients that Des-
tiny deprives of reason those whom it
would destroy, and this was never more
verified than in the case of King James IL
Though at first success seemed to crown
all his measures for the overthrow of the
church, it soon appeared that he had been
only rousing the spirit of the people, and
imperceptibly preparing the event which
was to hurl him from his throne.
By means of what was termed the dis-
pensing power of the crown, James hoped
to be able to fill all the offices in the state
and army with papists; and he also expect-
ed to do the same in the universities, in
which he made a commencement by allow-
ing the master and three of the fellows of
one of the colleges at Oxford to retain their
situations after they had become catholics.
He moreover permitted the monastic orders
of the church of Rome to have houses in
London, and they might be seen walking
the streets every day in their religious ha-
bits. A papal legate also appeared at the
court of England, for the first time since
the reign of queen Mary; but it was only
at the earnest solicitation of James that' he
had been sent, for the Pope very well knew
how wild the project was of converting Eng-
land, and he cared little for James, whom
he regarded as the mere slave of the Je-
suits and the king of France, both of whom
he disliked.
The next step made by the king, was to
appoint a Roman-catholic to the deanery of
Christ-church at Oxford, and as the univer-
sity had in the late reign declared that re-
sistance to the supreme authority was in no
case justifiable, it had no pretext for dis-
obedience, and it acquiesced in the appoint-
ment. Cambridge, however was not thus
fettered, and when the king wrote to the
vice-chancellor, directing him to admit a
monk to the degree of master of arts, with-
out his taking the requisite oaths, that of-
ficer refused, and the king was obliged to
give up his fancied right.
Passive obedience, and such like slavish
doctrines, may be very fine things to write
or declaim about; but men of sense will
very rarely be found to act on them. So
it was with the university of Oxford; that
learned body soon began to see that there
was less sin in resisting a monarch, how le-
gitimate soever, than in surrenderingto him
religious liberty and everything valuable to
man. Accordingly, when on the death of
the president of one of the colleges the
king wrote, recommending one Farmer, a