Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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85-
several inns. Above 160 members more
were excluded; and none were allowed to
enter but the most determined of the in-
dependents, and these exceeded not the
number 50 or 60. This invasion of the
parliament commonly passed under the name
of colonel Pride's purge. Cromwell was at
this time on his way from Scotland. The
remains of the parliament (often called the
Rump) instantly reversed the former vote,
and declared the king's concessions unsatis-
factory; they renewed their former vote of
non-addresses, and they committed to prison
several leaders of the presbyterians.
These sudden and violent revolutions held
the whole nation in terror and astonishment.
To quiet the minds of men, the generals,
in the name ot the army, published a de-
claration in which they expressed their re-
solution of supporting law and justice; and
the council of officers took into consider-
ation a scheme called the agreement of the
people, being the plan of a republic , to be
substituted in the place of that 'government
which they had so violently pulled in pieces.
To effect this, nothing remained but the
public trial and execution of their sove-
reign. In the House of Commons a com-
mittee was appointed to bring in a charge
against the king. On their report a vote
passed, declaring it treason in a king to
levy war against his parliament, and ap-
pointing a High Court of Justice to try
Charles for this newly-invented treason.
The House of Peers,'which assembled to
the number of sixteen, without one dissent-
ing voice, and almost without deliberation,
instantly rejected the vote of the lower
House, and adjourned themselves for ten
days, hoping that this delay would be able
to retard the furious career of the Com-
mons ; but the Commons were not to be
stopped by so small an obstacle. Having
declared that the people are the origin of
all just power, that the Commons of Eng-
land are the supreme authority of the nation,
and that whatever is enacted by them hath
the force of law, without the consent of
king or House of Peers, the ordinance for
the trial of Charles Stuart, king of Eng-
land (so they called him), was again read
and unanimously assented to (Jan. 6,1649);
after which colonel Harrison, the most
furious enthusiast in the army, was sent
with a strong party to conduct the king to
London. He had been transferred from
€arisbrooke to Hurst castle, on the coast
of Hampshire, on Nov. 30, and was con-
ducted to St. James's, Dec, 22. From
thence lie was transferred to Windsor castle,
and was conducted to Whitehall on Jan. 19.
The high court of justice assembled in
Westminster Hall on Jan. 20. It consisted
of 133 persons, as named by the Commons,
but there scarcely ever sat above 70. Crom-
well, Ireton, Harrison, and the chief officers
of the army, were members, together with
some of the lower House, and some citizens
of London. The judges were at first ap-
pointed in the number; but as they had
affirmed that it was contrary lo law to try
the king for treason, their names, as well
as those of some peers, were struck out.
Bradshaw, a lawyer, was chosen president.
Cook was appointed sohcitor for the people
of England. In calling over the court, when
the crier pronounced the name of Fairfax,
which had been inserted in the number, a
voice came from one ofthe spectators, and
cried, 'He has more wit than to be here.'
When the charge was read against the king.
'In the name of the people of England
the same voice exclaimed, 'Not a tenth part
of them.' Axtell, the officer who guarded
the court, giving orders to fire into the box
whence these insolent speeches came, it was
discovered that lady Fairfax was there, and
that it was she who had had the courage to
utter them.
The pomp, the dignity, the ceremony of
this transaction, corresponded to the great-
est conception that is suggested in the an-
nals of human kind — the delegates of a
great people sitting in judgment upon their
supreme magistrate, and trying him for his
misgovernment and breach of trust. The
solicitor, in the name of the Commons, re-
presented that Charles Stuart, being ad-
mitted king of England, and intrusted with
a limited power, yet nevertheless, from a
wicked design to erect an unlimited and
tyrannical government, had traitorously and
maliciously levied war against the present
parliament, and the people whom they re-
presented ; and was therefore impeached as
a tyrant, traitor, murderer, and a public
and implacable enemy to the commonwealth.
The king was then called on for his an-
swer. Though long detained a prisoner, and
now produced as a criminal, Charles sus-
tained, by his magnanimous courage, the
majesty of a monarch. With great temper
and dignity he dechned to submit himself
to the jurisdiction of the court, on the
ground "that he was their native hereditary
king; nor was the whole authority of the
state, though free and united, entitled to
try him who derived his dignity from the
Supreme Majesty of Heaven. Three times
was he produced before the court, and as
often dechned their jurisdiction. On the
fourth, the judges having examined some