Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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did her generals, and consequently her ex-
peditions by sea were in general much
more successful than those which she at-
tempted by land. Leicester and Essex
commonly lost more by their rashness and
mismanagement than the troops could gain
by their intrepidity. In an expedition to
the Low Countries, sir Phihp Sidney was
killed at the siege of Zutphen. He was
considered the most accomplished gentle-
man in England; and the sorrow for his
death was so great, that both the court
and the city went into mourning.
Elizabeth outlived her great enemy the
king of Spain two years.
The trade of England would have in-
creased greatly in this reign had not the
activity and industry of the merchants been
fettered by the patents and monopolies
which Elizabeth used to give to her cour-
tiers and favourites. (Markham.)
It was in the reign of Elizabeth that
England's naval glory commenced its bril-
liant career. A trade with Russia carried on
by sailing round the north of Europe to the
port of Archangel, and attempts made to
discover a northwest passage to India, gave
origin to a race of hardy, skilful, and enter-
prising mariners. Such were John Haw-
kins and Martin Frobisher, and the most
distinguished of all, the renowned sir Fran-
cis Drake.
Drake was the son of the vicar of Up-
nore, on the Medway. in Kent. He was
bound apprentice to the master of a trad-
ing ship. After some years he joined Haw-
kins in an expedition to America, but their
vessels were destroyed by the Spaniards,
and it was some time before Drake could
again attempt anything of importance. At
length he found himself strong enough to
attack and capture a Spanish town on the
isthmus of Panama, and as he advanced
into the interior to intercept a caravan of
mules laden with silver, he caught from the
summit of a mountain a view of the Pacific
ocean. He instantly fell on his knees and
made a vow to visit that sea, in which an
English sail had hitherto never been spread.
Five years after he sailed from Plymouth
with five small vessels. In his voyage to
the Pacific, he lost, or found it necessary
to destroy, four of them, and he appeared
in that sea with only a single ship. He
made plundering descents on the coasts of
Chili and Peru, till finding that the alarm
was given, he saw he could remain no longer
with safety in those parts; but instead of
attempting to return by the way he came,
he resolved to stretch boldly across the Pa-
cific, and thus to sail round the globe. He
reached Molucca islands, thence proceeded
to Java and the Cape of Good Hope, and
on the 3rd of November, 1580, he landed
at Plymouth after an absence of nearly
three years. He then went round to the
Thames, and his ship was laid up at Dept-
ford, were the queen condescended to par-
take of a banquet on board, and conferred
the dignity of knighthood on the adventur-
ous marinei-. (Xh. Keightley.»
The catastrophe was now approaching. A
remonstrance was drawn by the council of
general officers, and sent to the parliament.
They complained of the treaty with the
king, demanded his punishment for the
blood spilt dui'ing the war, and required a
dissolution of the present parliament. The
foremost men in this measure were Colonel
Ludlow and Ireton. Fairfax disapproved of
it, but had not the courage to oppose it.
The parliament lost not courage, notwith-
standing the danger with which they were
so nearly menaced. Hollis, the present
leader of the presbyterians, was a man of
unconquerable intrepidity; and many others
of that party seconded his magnanimous
spirit. It was proposed by them that the
generals and principal officers should, for
their disobedience and usurpations, be pro-
claimed traitors by the parliament. But
the parliament was dealing with men who
would not be frightened by words, nor re-
tarded by any scrupulous delicacy. The
generals, under the name of Fairfax (for
he still allowed them to employ his name)
marched the army to London, and sur-
rounded the parliament with their hostile
armaments. The parliament nevertheless
proceeded to close their treaty with the
king; and after a violent debate of three
days, it was carried, by a majority of 129
against 83, in the House of Commons, that
the king's concessions were a foundation
for the House to proceed upon in the
settlement of the kingdom. Next day
(Dec, 5), when the Commons were to meet,
colonel Pride, formerly a drayman, had en-
vironed the House with two regiments: and,
directed by lord Grey of Groby, he seized
in the passage 52 members of the presby-
terian party, and sent them to a low room
which passed by the appellation of hell,
whence they were afterwards carried to