Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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person. Another, under lord Leicester,
■was stationed at Tilbury Fort. The rest
were placed wherever it seemed most likely
that the Spaniards would attempt a land-
ing. But the chief support of the kingdom
was the vigour and prudence of the queen
herself, who, showing no alarm at the dan-
gers that threatened her, gave her orders
with decision, and omitted nothing that
could infuse courage into her people, and
increase the general security. She appear-
ed on horseback at the camp at Tilbury,
and, riding through the ranks, made so
animating a speech to the soldiers, that
every one felt roused to an enthusiastic at-
tachment to her person. Amongst other
things, she said to them. 'I know I have
but the body of a weak and feeble woman,
but I have the heart of a king, and of a
king of England too; and think foul scorn
that Parma or Spain, or any prince of
Europe, should dare to invade the borders
of my realms: to which, rather than any
dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will
take up arms: I myself will be your gene-
ral, judge, and rewarder of every one of
your virtues in the field.'
While these preparations were making
in England, the armada was on the point
of sailing, but was a little delayed by the
death of the admiral, whose place was
supplied by the duke of Medina Sidonia,
a man utterly inexperienced in sea affairs.
At length, on May 29, 4588, this mighty
armament issued from the mouth of the
Tagus; but a violent storm coming on the
next day, so many of the ships were dis-
abled, that it was obliged to return into
harbour to refit. It again sailed with or-
ders to proceed directly to the coast of
Flanders, thence to convey the duke of
Parma and his troops to the Thames. But
the ^anish admiral, learning from a fisher-
man that the English fleet was assembled
at Plymouth, ventured, in the hope of
annihilating it at one blow, to disobey his
orders, and made for that port.
The armada, as it approached the Lizard
Point, was descried by a Scotch pirate,
who was cruising in those seas, and he,
hoisting every sail, hastened to give notice
of the enemy's approach. Effingham had
just time to get out of port, wen he saw
the Invincible Armada coming full sail to-
wards him, in the form of a crescent, and
stretching over a distance of seven miles.
He soon perceived how heavily the Spanish
ships sailed, and that they were very ill-
built and unmanageable; and his confidence
in his own little fleet became much streng-
thened. He was at first fearful of advan-
cing too near, least the weight of the Spa-
nish ships should run down his own. But
he soon saw that their bulk was an advan-
tage to him, as presenting a larger broad-
side for his guns to act upon, and their
cannons were placed so high that they shot
over the heads of the English. A huge
ship from Biscay, laden with money, took
fire, and another large vessel sprung her
mast; and these two, falling behind the
rest, were taken by sir Francis Brake.
The armada, however, still sailed heavily
up the Channel; and the English vessels,
many of them fitted out by private indivi-
duals, poured forth from evei^ port, and
joined lord Effingham, who followed in the
rear of the Spaniards, and took many of
the stragglers. At last the enemy cast
anchor off Calais, in expectation of being
there joined by the duke of Parma. Ef
fingham now filled with combustibles eight
of his smaller vessels, and sent them into
the midst of the enemy, who, fearful of
being set on fire by them, cut their cables,
and dispersed themselves in the greatest
alarm. During this confusion the English
fell upon them, and took twelve of theii-
The duke of Parma, on seeing these dis-
asters of the armada, and the superiority
which the English had gained, refused to
hazard his army by sea; and the duke de
Medina, finding his fleet nearly disabled,
while the English had only lost one small
vessel, thought it best to return homewards.
The winds being contrary, obliged him to
sail to the north, to make the circuit of
Scotland; but the English still pursued,
and, had not their ammunition fallen short,
would probably have taken every ship.
The tempestuous weather, however, nearly
completed the destruction of this vast ar-
mament. Many of the remaining ships,
after beating about at the mercy of the
winds, were wrecked on the coasts of Ire-
land and Scotland; and those Spaniards
who lived to return home gave their coun-
trymen such formidable accounts of the
bravery of the English, and the tremen-
dous dangers of their coasts, as effectually
repressed all inclination to attempt another
Although Elizabeth preserved the inter-
nal tranquillity of the kingdom unbroken
during the whole of her long reign, yet
the perpetual warfare she carried on witli
Philip, together with the occasional assist-
ance she gave to the Protestants in France,
kept up a military spirit among her sub-
jects. She chose her admirals far mor,»
fortunately and more judiciously than she