Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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81
as Mary remained a prisoner in England
she herself should never be secure from
plots and conspiracies, yet she could not
at once bring herself to consent to so vio-
lent and unprecedented an act. She would
gladly have sent her out of the kingdom,
and probably heartily repented of her own
i crooked policy in detaining her a prisoner.
(But she had gone too far to recede; and
since she could not with safety to herself
now restore the queen of Scots to liberty,
she determined to keep her even more
strictly guarded than before, and removed
her from the care of lord Shrewsbury,
who, she apprehended, was too indulgent
to his prisoner, to tliat of sir Amias Pau-
let and sir Drue Drury.
Philip of Spain and the queen-dowager
of France, Catherine de Medici, had for
many years past been forming schemes for
restoring the Romish religion in England,
} by dispossessing Elizabeth, and raising
B Mary to the throne. Mary herself was in
' all their secrets; and, as she received a
i jointure from France, on account of her
being widow of a French king, she had
means of getting from thence private in-
telligence, and had money at her command
J to distribute amongst her partisans in Eng-
land and Scotland.
Elizabeth, meanwhile, was well informed
of all that was going on: but she felt
such entire confidence in the affection of
her people, that she did not express any
fears at the machinations of her enemies,
till the discovery of a scheme to assassinate
her privately gave her some alarm, and in-
duced her to yield to the entreaties of her
ministers that she would always be attended
by her guards. The most dangerous plot
against her life was one formed by a priest,
named John Ballard, who disguised him-
self as a soldier, and assumed the name
of captain Fortescue. He first imparted
his scheme to Anthony Babington, a Der-
byshire gentleman and a zealous Cathohc,
who, out of a generous detestation of Mary's
unjust imprisonment, had devoted himself
enthusiastically to her cause, and had for
some time past contrived to convey to her
the letters of her foreign correspondents.
Babington entered eagerly into the plot.
A man named Savage, who had made a
solemn vow to assassinate Elizabeth, was
also admitted into it; and it was settled
that, at the same instant in which Savage
was to attempt the queen's life, Babington,
with a chosen body of men, should attack
the house in which Mary was confined,
and liberate her from captivity. These
arrangements were made known to the
first Engl. Reading book.
queen of Scots by means of letters con-
veyed to her through a chink in the wall;
and in her answers, which were returned
by the same means, she fully approved of
them all, and recommended the death of
Elizabeth as the first necessary step.
The plot was now communicated to many
Catholic gentlemen, who readily joined in
it, though not so secretly but that Wal-
singham had information of the whole.
Indeed, the man who carried the letters
between Mary and the conspirators was
one of his spies, and constantly brought
him the letters to read. They were then
re-sealed, and taken to the persons they
were meant for, who never discovered the
treachery of their messenger. When Wal-
singham had by this means obtained all
the information he wanted, he thought it
was time to secure the conspirators; and
fourteen of them were taken up, condem-
ned, and executed, before Mary had any
knowledge that the plot was detected.
One day, as she was taking the air on
horseback, she was met by a messenger
from the queen, who informed her of the
detection and death of her friends, and
that she was to be removed immediately
to Fotheringay castle, in Northamptonshire.
She was accordingly compelled to set out
for that place instantly, with the messenger
who brought these unwelcome tidings, all
stunned as she was by the news she had
heard, and without being suffered to return
to make any preparations for her sudden
journey.
In a few days Mary's arrival at Fother-
ingay was followed by that of commission-
ers from Elizabeth, who were appointed to
try her for the part she had taken in the
late conspiracy. The proofs against her
were but too strong. The commissioners
returned to London after the trial, and
pronounced sentence against her in the
Star-chamber, Oct. 25, 1586.
Whatever were the secret wishes of Eli-
zabeth, she affected the utmost reluctance
to consent to Mary's death.
When Mary's condemnation was known
in Scotland, the young king sent an urgent
remonstrance to Elizabeth on the unjusti-
fiable conduct she was pursuing towards
his mother; but one of James's ambassa-
dors secretly advised Elizabeth not to spare
Mary, and undertook to pacify his master.
At length, after some months of dupli-
city and apparent indecision on the part of
the queen, who kept her ministers uncer-
tain as to her intentions, she signed the
death-warrant. But when she found it had
been despatched to Fotheringay, she ex-
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