Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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78-
gave general satisfaction on account of her
great personal popularity, which had been
increased during the late reign by the suf-
ferings which had been often brought upon
her by her sister's bigotry and malevolence;
sufferings by which her life had been often
endangered, and from which she had been
sometimes rescued by the good offices of
Philip, whose occasional interference in the
princess's favour was the only way in which
he had ever made himself agreeable to the
English nation.
Elizabeth was now twenty-live years old.
Her character was very far from being a
faultless one. Her temper was very impe-
tuous: but there was a spirit and animation
about her, with a cheerfulness and gaiety
of heart, which made her occasional bursts
of passion to be overlooked and forgiven;
and even at the time of her first coming
to the crown, her sense and shrewdness
had been sufficiently manifested to make
every one augur well of her capacity for
government. Her vanity and caprice, which
in her later years made her often both
vexatious and ridiculous, had not betrayed
themselves at that early period. She had
a tall, commanding person; her forehead
was high and open, her nose aquiline, her
complexion pale, and hair inclining to yel-
low. Her features were good, but the
length and narrowness of hei- face prevented
her from having any just pretensions to
beauty.
The new queen, from her first coming
to the throne, seemed anxious to show an
entire forgetfulness of all her former suffer-
ings, and never testified any resentment to-
wards those who had been instrumental to
them. Even sir Henry Benefield, in whose
custody she had been for a time, and
whom she had found a most severe and
churlish gaoler, experienced from her no
other punishment or rebuke but that of
her telling him that he should have the
custody of any state prisoner whom she
wished to be treated with peculiar severity.
The first great anxiety of all the Protest-
ant part of the nation was to have a settle-
ment of the affairs of the church. In
this important business Elizabeth proceeded
with great prudence and caution, and yet
with so much determination and steadiness,
that she soon replaced everything in the
state it had been in at her brother's death
and all without one drop of blood being
spilt or a single estate confiscated.
Philip, as soon as he heard of queen
Mary's death, proposed himself to her sister
in marriage. Elizabeth never for a moment
thought of consenting to such a pi eposterous
union: but, perhaps, for fear of makin^^
him her enemy, or, perhaps, from her ac-
customed caution, she delayed to give a
decisive answer as long as she could; and
when she sent her refusal, she took the
opportunity of declaring to the parliament
a determination to lead a single life.
The pretensions of Mary, the young queen
of Scotland, were an early source of dis-
quiet to Elizabeth. Mary was great niece
of Henry VIII., and, on the place that
Elizabeth had been declared illegitimate,
she asserted her own right to the crown,
and took upon her the arms and title
of queen of England. And though this
empty boast was not followed by any
active attempt, it yet laid the foundation
in Ehzabeth's mind of a deadly hatred to-
wards her. Mary had been married to t)ie
dauphin, who, on his father's death, became
king of France by the title of Francis 11.,
and had thus been, for a brief season, the
queen of the most splendid court in Eu-
rope, into all the dissipations of which she
entered eagerly. W^hen, on the early death
of Francis, she was obliged to return to
Scotland, the contrast between the country'
she left, and that which she was now come
to inhabit, struck her with melancholy;
and the rude and savage manners of the
Scots filled her with disgust. This disgust
was increased by difference of religion.
Mary had been brought up a bigoted Ca-
tholic; and the Reformation, which had
now made great progress in Scotland, was
not marked there with the same mild and
conciliatory spirit by which it had been
distinguished in England. The Scotch re-
formers were men of rigid zeal, and con-
demned all gaiety and amusements as sin-
ful. They were as much shocked at the
queen's levities as she was displeased by
their austerity.
Wliile these discontents were growing in
Scotland, the queen of England was busily
employed in putting the affairs of her king-
dom in order. She called in the old coin,
which had been shamefully debased in the
last three reigns, and replaced it by a coin-
age of the standard weight. She filled
her arsenals with arms; she introduced the
manufacturing of gunpowder into England:
she frequently reviewed her militia, and put
the country into a complete state of de-
fence; she encouraged agriculture, trade,
and navigation, and increased her navy so
much that she has been called ^the queen
of the Northern seas.' Her wise govern-
ment was respected abroad and prosperous
at home. She was exceedingly fortunate
in the choice of her ministers; particularly