Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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76-
Thomas More, the late chancellor, and
many others, suffered death.
The monasteries being firm in their attach-
ment to the Pope's interests, Thomas Grom-
well, Henry's new minister, determined upon
their ruin. He began l3y attacking the
smaller and less powerful establishments,
and they were suppressed by act of par-
liament, March 1536. This measure caused
an insurrection in the north of England,
known as 'The Pilgrimage of Grace,' which
was headed by the archbishop of York and
several of the nobles; but the king averP
ed the danger by making promises which
he never kept. Commissioners were now
sent to visit the great monasteries, and
the superiors were either forced or per-
suaded to surrender them all to the crown;
which proceedings were ratified by the
parliament, May -1539. But though Henry
had gone thus far, and had even allowed
an authorized version of the Bible to be
published, he was a Romanist at heart;
and he caused his obsequious parliament,
a few weeks afterwards, to pass the Law
of the Six Articles, known as the 'Bloody
Bill,' which affirmed the truth of transub- j
stantiation and of other Romish doctrines. '
Several Protestants were now burnt as ;
heretics. i
Henry's affection for Anne Boleyn had I
been soon transferred to Jane Seymour. |
one of her maids of honour: who became
his third wife, the unfortunate queen hav- i
ing been divorced and beheaded on a |
groundless charge of adultery and incest.
May 1536. Jane Seymour, the next year,
died in child-bed, after giving birth to a
prince named Edward; and, as the king
had remained unmarried since, Thomas
Cromwell, anxious to regain the ground
which the reformers had lost owing to the
Law of the Six Articles, at length persuaded
him to connect himself with the German
Lutherans, by mariying the sister of the
duke of Cleves, Jan. 1540. But Anne of
Cleves was not so pleasing in her person
and manners as Henr^- had been led to
believe; and though he made Cromwell
early of Essex, in April, he showed his re-
sentment by suddenly arresting him, in
June, and causing a bill of attainder to be
passed, condemning him to death without
trial, for heresy and treason — a detestable
system which that wretched man himself
had invented in order to enable his master
to destroy the aged Margaret Pole, coun-
tess of Salisbury (the daughter of the ill-
fated duke of Clarence), and several other
members of the house of York.
Anne of Cleves was now divorced, on
pretence that the king had not given a
sincere consent to the marriage; and to
the great joy of the papists, Henry was
quickly married to Catherine Howard, the
niece of the third duke of Norfolk, their
leader. But, in a few months, it was found
out that she was a person of loose conduct,
and she was beheaded. Henry's sixth and
last wife Catherine Parr, the widow of
lord Latimer, survived her tyrant husband,
though she narrowly escaped being put to
death for arguing with him in favour of
Protestantism.
At the close of his reign, Henry engaged
in a war with James V. of Scotland: who
died of a fever brought on by vexation
(owing to the shameful defeat of a Scotch
army at Solway Moss, Nov. 1542), leaving
an infant daughter to succeed him. These
hostilities were continued for some years
more, during the regency of the earl of
Arran, though at one time it had been
agreed to put an end to them by contract-
ing Mary, the infant queen, to Edward, the
young prince of Wales. The French took
part with the Scotch, in revenge for which
Henry invaded France and took Boulogne.
But his health now began to decline fast.
He had grown fat, unwieldy, and irritable;
and an ulcer broke out on his leg, which
brought him to his grave, Jan. 1547.
Havilland.
66. LADY JANE GREY.
This amiable and accomplished lady,
who fell a victim to ambition not her own,
was daughter of Henry Grey, marquis of
Dorset, and grand-daughter of Mary, queen
dowager of France, widow of Louis XIL
and sister of Henry VIH.: thus, being of
royal blood, her hand was sought by many
of the nobles. Among the most ambitious
was the rich and powerful duke of Northum-
berland, who to maintain and advance the
influence of his own family, contrived to
bring about a marriage between his son
lord Guildford Dudley and lady Jane.
Having succeeded in this preliminary step,
his next project was to seat his daughter-
in-law, and consequently his son beside her.
on the throne of England after the death
of Edward VL, whose health was in such
a precarious state that it was evident he
was hastening to his fathers. — Between
lady Jane and the crown stood Mary and
Elizabeth, daughters of Henry "VTIL; but
Northumberland flattered himself that he
could easily remove those obstacles, as
Henry's marriage with their mothers, Ca-
therine of Arragon and Ann Boleyn, had