Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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in an attempt to relieve a town which the
iluke of Burgundy was besieging. She was
conducted to Rouen and tried on a charge
of sorcery and imposture before a commis-
sion of prelates, of whom only one was
English. She was condemned as a heretic
and sentenced to be burnt; but on her
owning that her visions were illusions of
the devil, and swearing never again to wear
man's attire, her sentence was commuted to
imprisonment for life. Her enemies, how-
ever, it is said, having left men's clothes in
her cell, she was tempted to put them On,
and being caught in the fact she was ad-
judged to have relapsed, and she was burnt
to death in the market-place at Rouen.
This barbarous execution of the noble
Maid of Orleans was of little avail to the
English. Fortune everywhere turned against
them, their ally, the duke of Burgundy, be-
came reconciled with king Charles, and
fmally, of all their possessions in France,
Calais alone remained. (T. Keightley.)
William Caxton, the first English prin-
ter, was born at Weald, in Kent; and was
bound to Mr. Robert Large, a mercer,
afterwards lord mayor of London. His
master bequeathed him a handsome legacy.
He went, as agent to the mercer's Com-
pany into Holland, and was empowered by
Edward IV, to negociate a treaty of com-
merce with the duke of Burgundy.
During his residence abroad, he became
acquainted at Hserlem, with the newly dis-
covered art of printing, and at the request
of Margaret of York, duchess of Burgundy,
he published his 'Recuyell of the History
of Troy,' the first book ever printed in
English, translated by himself in 1471.
Though his claims as a scholar are small,
and no improvement of his art is ascribed
to him, yet he deserves the gratitude of
his country, for his share in naturalising
fhe most admirable of all inventions, and
from which so much honour and benefit
have accrued to England. The numerous
and extensive advantages derived to mankind
from the noble art of Printing, deserve
the warmest gratitude of every intelhgent
Edward the Fourth died in the year
1483. He left three children, two sons and
a daughter. The eldest son was named
Edward, and the next Richard; fhe daugh-
ter's name was Elizabetli. The eldest son
was, therefore, now Edward the Fifth: but,
as he was too young to govern, being only
thirteen years of age, his uncle, Richard
duke of Gloucester, was appointed Protec-
tor. This was the same man, who was
afterwards Richard the Third, and some-
times called Crooked-back Richard; because
they say that he was born with a shrivelled
and crooked form; — and his mind was
still worse than his body. Instead of tak-
ing care of his little nephews, he deter-
mined to kill them, that he might be king
himself. But, as these children had many
friends ready to defend and protect them,
their bloody-minded uncle thought, that,
before he could kill them, he must get rid
of their friends.
The wicked Richard now began to think
of taking possession of the throne, and,
by his hypocrisy and false pretences, he
persuaded many of the people to be on
his side. And then the mayor and alder-
men of London came and offered him the
crown. He pretended that he did not wish
to be king; but this was only a piece of
deceit to hide his wicked design. He
thought, however, that he could not-reign
in peace, as long as his nephews lived;
and, therefore, he determined to murder
the young king and his little brother, the
duke of York. He ordered Brackenbury,
the governor of the Tower, to put them
both to death. This merciful man refused
to be guilty of such a crime; he was,
therefore, removed from his office, and
another person, called Sir James Tyrrel,
was put into his place. This Tyrrel hired
three cruel wretches to do the dreadful
deed; they came at night, when the dear
children were fast asleep, and they went
into the chamber and smothered them both
with pillows, whilst the wretch Tyrrel stood
at the door. Then they buried the bodies
at the foot of the stairs, and covered them
up, and put the stone pavement in its place
again, so that, for a long time, nobody
knew where the bodies were. They were
found by some workmen under the stairs
many years afterwards.
The reign of poor Edward the Fifth,
you see, was very short, not many months;
and, indeed, as he was, during this time,
shut up in the Tower, and was there cruelly
murdered in his childhood, he cannot pro-
perly be said to have reigned at all.
And now this wicked duke of Gloucester
was king, by the title of Richard the Third.
His reign was so cruel and tyrannical, that
he was detested by all his subjects, and
they heartily wished to get rid of him.