Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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56-
folk died abroad; but Hereford came back
again rather sooner than the king expected
him. This duke of Hereford was the first
cousin of the king, being the son of John
of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, the king*s
uncle. Now, as the king governed so badly,
and every body was dissatisfied with him ,
this Hereford (who was now become duke
of Lancaser by the death of his father)
thought he could get the crown for him-
self; and accordingly landed at Ravenspur
in Yorkshire, and was joined by a great
number of powerful people, so that he was
soon able to get rid of the king, and to
be crowned in his stead. This was, in
truth, a most wicked piece of injustice;
for this duke of Lancaster had no right
at all to the throne whilst Richard was
alive; and, indeed, if Richard had been
dead, still Lancaster had no right to it, as
it belonged of right to the family of
Richard's uncle, the duke of Clarence, who
was older than the late duke of Lancaster.
This family is called the house of York;
and it was the disputes between these two
iamilies which made the civil wars which
so long ragfed in England between the
houses of York and Lancaster.
Soon after his deposition the poor king
Richard was barbarously murdered in
Pomfret Castle. Some say that eight mur-
derers were sent to kill him, and that
he snatched a pole-axe from one of
^hem, and laid four of them dead at his
feet; and was then himself knocked on the
head with a pole-axe. Some say he was
starved fo death, not having had any thing
given him to eat for a fortnight. "Which-
ever it was, it was horrible enough. This
murder was committed in the vear 1400.
(G. Darya.)
Si. WAT TYLER.
In 1381 a poll-tax of a shilling a head,
levied on all persons throughout the king-
dom above the age of fifteen, raised the
discontents of the lower orders of the
people to the greatest pitch. One of the
persons employed to collect this tax having
been killed in a quarrel with a tyler at
Deptford, called Walter, a crowd collected;
and from this small beginning a serious
disturbance broke forth. Wat Tyler, as he
is called, took upon himself the command
of the insurgents, and sent messages into
the neighbouring counties, inviting the com-
mon people to join together, to shake off
the yoke of servitude, and to take ven-
geance on their oppressive masters. The
people willingly obeyed the summons^ and
leaving their employments, hastened to Black-
heath, the place of rendezvous, burning the
houses and plundering the estates of the
nobility and gentry as they passed. The
frenzy of the people was encouraged by
the declamations of one John Ball, a crazy
priest, who went about exhorting the lower
people to destroy all their superiors. The
mob, when assembled atBlackheath, amount-
ed to 300.000 men. Wat Tyler, and another
man, called, from his business as a thresher.
Jack Straw, were appointed leaders, and
they all set off, like hounds in full cry,
towards London. This insurrection was so
sudden, that no preparations had been made
for checking it. The king, with his mother,
and a small number of the nobility, took
refuge in the Tower of London.
The insurgents sent to the king a knight
whom they had made prisoner, to say that
they wanted to speak with him about the
government of the kingdom, which his un-
cles managed very ill. The king returned
for answer, 'that if they would approach
the Thames, he would speak with them the
next morning.' In the morning the king
went on board his barge, and, attended by
a few noblemen, rowed towards Rotherhithe,
where about ten thousand of this rabble
were waiting by the river-side. These people,
when they saw the royal barge approaching,
set up such frightful outcries, that the king
was persuaded, by those who were with him,
to row back to the Tower. The return of
the king exasperated the rioters, and they
rushed forwards to London, destroying every-
thing they met in their way,' and they
beheaded every gentleman who was so un-
fortunate as to fall into their hands. The
gate on the bridge had been shut; but it
was opened by the friends of the rioters
in the city. Wat Tyler and his mob then
rushed in, and spread all over London, fill-
ing every place with terror. Those who could
not pronounce the words bread and cheese,
with a proper English accent, were judged
to be foreigners, and had their heads chop-
ped off on the spot.
There is no saying to what excesses
they would have proceeded, had not the
greatest part of them happily become
stupified by the quantily of wuie they had
gorged • themselves witli. In this state
they lay sleeping and intoxicated about
the streets. The respite thus gained gave
the terrified inhabitants time to take some
measures for the general security. A coun-
cil was held, in which the lord-mayor of
London, sir William Walworth, proposed
to rush into the street and slaughter the
insurgents, while overpowered by wine and