Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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three), threw themselves at the feet of
the monarch, to implore pardon for one so
nearly connected with his family, and the
king appeared reluctantly to grant what
he dared not have refused, for fear of re-
taliation on the prince, his son. It is pro-
bable that the whole ceremony had no
effect, except that of incensing the King
of Navarre, and irritating his love of mis-
chief, which he afterwaj-ds repeatedly dis-
played, to the great prejudice of the King
and kingdom of France.
In the meantime, King Edward, fully
expecting that this discord between King
John and Charles of Navarre would break
into an open llame, made preparations to
take advantage of it. For this purpose,
he constituted the Black Prince, who ob-
tained that celebrated name from the con-
stant colour of his armoui', his lieutenant
in Gascony and Aquitaine, and sent him
over with a considerable army, which, by
the number of trooj)s there levied, was
augmented to about sixty thousand men.
With this large force the young Edward
marched into the country of Toulouse, tak-
ing several towns, which he burnt, wasted,
and destroyed. But Charles of Navarre
becoming for the present reconciled with
the King of France, the Prince of Wales
returned to Bordeaux, after these extensive
His father. King Edward, was, on his
part, no less active in the desolation of
France. While the Black Prince laid waste
the southern provinces of that country with
fire and sword, the father landed at Calais,
and marched from thence towards Saint
Omers, where King John lay at the head
of a considerable army. The recollections
of Cressy, perhaps, made the King of
France decline an engagement; so that
King Edward, unable to bring the French
to action, returned to his own country, to
advise with his Parliament, and make head
against the Scottish nation, who, notwith-
standing all their losses, were again in
arms. It has been reasonably suggested,
that injured pride and wounded feeUngs,
the recollections of the dishonour sustained
at Cressy, and the hope of avenging the
disgrace of that day, were more powerful
with John of France than any reasons of
sound policy, in inducing him to refuse the
offers preferred by Rome for establishing
peace between the countries. The scene
of blood and devastation which all France
presented, the ravages of the pestilence,
and the total silence of law and justice
throughout a kingdom which strangers and
robbers had in a manner partitioned amongst
them, made the country at that time in
every respect unfit to maintain a war with
a powerful and active enemy. It was,
however, the fate of King John to rush
without reflection upon dangers yet greatei*,
and losses more disastrous, than those
which had befallen his unfortunate father.
A period now approached much celebrated
in English history.
The Prince of Wales, who had spent
the winter in recruiting his little army at
Bordeaux, resolved the next year to sally
forth, to lay waste the country of the
enemy, as he had done the preceding sum-
mer. King John, on the other hand, hav-
ing determined to intercept his persevering
enemy, assembled the whole force of his
kingdom, in number, twenty thousand men-
at-arms. headed by the king himself and
his four sons, and most of the princes of
the blood, together with the whole nobi-
lity and gentry of France, few of whom
chose to stay at home, when called to at-
tend the royal standard, under the pain ol'
infamy. Scotland sent him an auxiliary
force of two thousand men-at-arms. With
this overpowering army, the King of France
marched into Poitu, where Prince Edward
lay encamped at the village of Maupertius,
within two leagues of Poictiers, and resolved
to engage him before he could regain
With numbers so unequal, the Prince ot
Wales dared hardly altempt a retreat, in
which he was likely to be destroyed by
the enemy. He therefore took up a strong
position, where the advantage of the ground
might in some measure compensate for
numerical inferiority. King John, on the
other hand, had at command the choice of
fighting instantly, or of surrounding and
blockading the prince's army as they lay.
But the same spirit of offended pride
which disposed the French king to con-
tinue the war, stimulated him to rush to
instant battle. On the other hand. Prince
Edward had fixed upon a place so well
suited for defence, that it presented, in a
great degree, the advantages of a fortress.
His army scarcely numbered the eighth
part of that which was arrayed against;
him, but perhaps it was, even for that
very reason, more fit to occupy and defend
a strong and hmited position.
This memorable field was a gentle decli-
vity, covered with vineyards, which could
only be approached by one access of no
great breadth, flanked by thickets and hed-
ges. To add to the strength of the ground,
the English laboured hard at fortifying it,
and disposed every thing so as to cover