Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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of Calais. Tlie unfortunate constable was
arrested, and beheaded, in presence of the
lords of the council, after three days con-
finement, and without any form of trial;
an execution which greatly awakened the
fears and suspicions of the nobility, re-
specting the new king.
In the year 1340, the English commander
in Bretagne, Sir Thomas Dagworth, fell
into an ambuscade, said to consist ofban-
ditti, by whom he was slain, in violation
of the truce. In resentment of this slaughter,
Henry Plantagenet, already celebrated under
the titles of Lancaster and Derby, to which
that of Earl of Lincoln was now added,
was sent as Edward's lieutenant-general
into Bretagne, with an army which his re-
putation soon augmented to thirty thousand
men. In the mean time, in contempt of
the truce which still subsisted, constant
.skirmishes were fought between the French
and Enghsh, which hovered between ttie
character of hostile engagements, and of
the tournaments which that age considered
merely as martial recreations. Jn these
stormy times, the various commanders of
garrisons made war upon et\ch other, as
they saw occasion or opportunity, without
the kings positively either authorising or
resenting their quarrels; and in this maimer
much blood was spilt, of which neither
prince was wiUing to acknowledge the blame.
The Pope, Innocent XL, again used his
intercession to prolong the truce, which
seemed of such uncertain character, and
succeeded in his endeavours in 1350, al-
though he was unable to bring the king-
doms to such a solid peace, as he desired.
About this time, King John and his court
were extremely disturbed by the intrigues
occasioned by his young kinsman, Charles,
King ot Navarre. This young prince, nearly
connected with the French crown, his mother
being a daughter of Louis X., called Hutin,
possessed at once the most splendid and
the most diabolical attributes. He was
handsome, courageous, affable, liberal, and
popular in his address, and a person of
great talents and ingenuity. Unfortunately,
he added to these gorgeous qualities a turn
for intrigue and chicane, together with an
ambition altogether insatiable, and a dis-
position capable of carrying through the
worst actions by the worst means. From
this latter part of his character, he received
from the French the name of Charles the
Bad, or Charles the Wicked, which he
appears abundantly to have deser\-ed, since
even the strong tie of his own interest
could not always restrain his love of mis-
On the arrival of this monarch at the
court of John, he set up various preten-
sions to favour, both with the king and
people of PVance, and rendered himself so
agreeable at court, that he carried his point
of marrying Joan, the daughter of the
French monarch. He demanded certain
places in Normandy; and when the king,
to elude his pertinacity, conferred that
county upon Charles de la Cerda, his con-
stable and favourite, the King of Navarre
did not hesitate to assassinate that unfor-
tunate officer in his castle called De l'Aigle,
in Normandy. Having committed this atro-
city, he afterwards boldly avowed the deed ;
put liimself at the head of troops, and
affected independence; treated with the
English for their assistance; leagued to-
gether all the fiery and disalTected spirits
of the court, that is to say, great part of
the young nobility who frequented it, in
opposition to the crown; and threatened
to create such confusion, that King John
felt himself under the necessity of treating
with this dangerous young man. instead of
bringing him to justice for his crimes.
Charles of Navarre, however^ refused to
lay aside his arms, or come to court, un-
less upon stipulation for an absolute pardon
for the death of the constable, great ces-
sions in land, a large paj-ment of money,
and' above all, complete security that such
terms should be kept with him, in case
King John were disposed to grant them.
John of France saw himself, by the ne-
cessity of his affairs, obliged to subscribe
to thèse demands, which were rather dic-
tated than preferred by his refractory vas-
sal. He was even compelled to give up
his second son to Charles of Navarre, as
security that the promises given to that
turbulent prince should be faithfully kept.
After this, it was in vain that John desired
to conceal his weakness under a pompous
display, designed to show that the pardon
of Navarre was not granted in virtue of a
previous stipulation, hut the result of tho
king's own free will.
In March 1355, this high offender came
to Paris in person, as had been previously
agreed upon, and appeared before parlia-
ment, where the king was seated on the
tribunal. Here Charles of Navarre made
a forma! speech, acknowledging his errors,
and asking forgiveness, with some affecta-
tion of humility. The Duke of Bourbon,
then Constable of France, placed his hands
upon those of the royal criminal, in symbol
of arrest, and led him into another apart-
ment, as if to execution. The Queens of
France (of whom there were at that time