Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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the old inhabitants, peopled it entirely with
his own subjects.
While these things had been going on
in France, David Bruce had been recalled
to Scotland, and took the opportunity of
Edward's absence to invade England. But
queen Philippa acted with such vigour, that
an army was speedily raised, and he was
taken prisoner near Durham, and afterwards
brought to the Tower of London. The
queen hastened over to France to carry this
good news to Edward, and had arrived
just before the surrender of Calais.
Edward's successes in France were sus-
pended for the next six years by a most ter-
rible pestilence — so terrible as to be
called the black death — which raged
throughout Europe, and proved a greater
scourge to the people than even the cala-
mities of war.
In 1350 Philip de Valois died, and was
succeeded by his son John; and in 1352 |
the animosity between the French and |
English revived with such fury, that neither i
the pestilence, nor the truces which had
been made (but ill kept), could restrain
them from renewing hostilities. The English
had generally the advantage, and during
the next four years greatly extended their
territories in France. Of the heroes who
distinguished themselves in these wars, none
surpassed the Black Prince in valour and
prowess. On the 10th of July, 1356, he
marched from Bordeaux with an army of j
12,000 men, and, after taking and burning
many towns and villages, he encamped on
the 17th of September within two leagues
of Poitiers. The same evening the king
of France, with an army of 60,000 men,
encamped within a mile of the prince, who,
when he saw the French army advance thus
unexpectedly upon him, exclaimed, 'God
help us! it only remains for us to fight
bravely.' The cardinal of Perigord, who
was with the French army, was very de-
sirous to prevent an engagement, and rode
backwards and several times between John
and the prince, in hopes of being able to
make peace. The prince said to him, 'Save my
honour, and the honour of my army, and
I will readily listen to any reasonable con-
ditions.' But John would consent to nothing,
unless the prince and a hundred of his
knights would surrender themselves pri-
soners of war. The reply of the prince
to this was, that 'He would never be made
a prisoner but sword in hand.' The car-
dinal, finding his endeavours unavailing,
retired to Poitiers, and the two armies made
themselves ready for battle.
The next day, Monday, the 19th of Sep-
tember, the prince drew up his army in
excellent order, and riding along the lines
with a countenance in which modesty, good-
ness, and fortitude were expressed, exhorted
his men to fight valiantly; saying that he
himself was resolved to conquer or die, and
that England should never have to pay a
ransom for him.
The king of France formed his army in
three divisions; and because the English
had posted themselves in such a manner
that they could be approached only by a
narrow lane covered on each side by high
hedges, he ordered a separate detachment
to go first, and clear a passage for the
rest. When this detachment entered the
lane, it found that a line of English archers
was placed behind each hedge. These ar-
chers, who were themselves out of all dan-
gers, killed and wounded a great number
of the French soldiers. Of those who es-
caped, some got to the end of the lane,
and were either killed or taken prisoners
by the Black Prince, who was there in
waiting for them; but the greater number,
turning back, rushed down the lane to their
own army, and threw it into some confusion.
Before order could be restored, the Captal
de Buche, whom the prince had sent during
the night to lie in ambush near the French
camp, fell upon their army in ilank, attack-
ing that part where the dauphin was sta-
tioned. In their anxiety to remove their
young prince from danger, the officers who
were with him hurried him out ofthe field ;
thus setting the example of llight, which
was soon followed by the whole division
The duke of Orleans, who commanded an-
other division, perceiving this movement,
imagined all was lost, and fled precipitate-
ly. Thus were two-thirds of the French
army conquered more by their own fears
than by the arms of the enemy.
The king's division, meanwhile, which
was alone much superior in numbers to the
whole English army, resolutely maintained
its ground. The English, encouraged by
seeing victory more within their grasp, and
the French perceiving that it was now ne-
cessary for them to exert their utmost
valour, fought desperately; but at length
three of the French generals being killed,
the cavalry gave way, and the king, who
had shown great personal bravery, was left
towards the end of the day with a few
followers on the field of battle; and being
surrounded by English and Gascons, he and
his youngest son were taken prisoners. The
Black Prince, being overpowered by ex-
cessive fatigue, had at this time been per-
suaded to take some rest in a little tent.