Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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46
and the next day, the 5th of August, had
time to post himself in an advantageous
position on the plain of Cressy, before
Philip and his army came up with him.
The king of France thinking the English
were now in a complete trap, and that he
had only to overtake them to gain an easy
victory, had marched with all haste from
Abbeville; but when he saw how advan-
tageously they were posted, he ordered his
men to halt for the night, that they might
rest and refresh themselves before the en-
gagement began. But military discipline
was then so imperfect, that the order was
not attended fo, and the foremost troops
kept advancing in a disorderly manner, till
they arrived in front of the English. Ed-
ward had disposed his forces in the most
judicious manner; and after he had ridden
along the lines, and encouraged the men
with words and looks, he ordered them to
sit down in their ranks on the grass and
take refreshment. But as soon as they
saw the French approaching, they sprang
from the ground; every horseman mounted
his horse, every archer made ready his
bow, each foot-soldier stood ready in his
place, and waited with firmness for the
moment of attack.
It was about three o'clock in the after-
noon when Philip's advanced troops came
up with the English, and the battle soon
became general. At the lirst onset, the part
where the prince of Wales was posted was
furiously beset; and the king, who had taken
his station on the top of a windmill, from
whence he could overlook the whole field,
was importuned to go to his succour, but
he refused, saying, 'He would not deprive
his son, and those who were with him, of
the honour of the victory.' These words
being repeated to the prince and his com-
panions, inspired them with extraordinary
courage. After fighting till the close of the
evening the French army was completely
discomfited. The king fled, accompanied
only by five knights and about sixty sol-
diers, leaving on that bloody field eighty
bannerets, and forty thousand dead and
dying men. Amongst the slain was the
old king of Bohemia, who, being blind,
had been led into the battle by two knights,
one on each side of his horse. The motto
on his shield was Ich dien, which means I
serve. These words were adopted by the
Black Prince in commemoration of this
great day, and have been the motto of the
princes of Wales ever since.
When the battle was over, Edward rushed
to his son, and embraced him with great
affection, while the prince fell on his knees
before his father, and craved his blessing.
Edward stayed three days at Cressy to
bury the dead, and then marched to Calais,
with the intention of laying siege to it; but,
finding it too strong to take by storm, he
determined to subdue it by famine. He
stationed his fleet directly opposite the
harbour, and built huts for his soldiers all
round the town, so as completely to invest it,
and prevent it from getting assistance either
by land or sea. He then sat down patiently
waiting the result. John de Vienne, the go-
vernor, Seeing himself shut up from all
succour, determined to hold out to the ut-
most, in hopes that Edward's patience would
be tired, and that he wovdd raise the siege;
and, to make the provisions that were in
the town last the longer, he turned seven-
teen hundred old people, women, and chil-
dren out of it. When Edward saw all
these forlorn wretches thrust out from Ca-
lais, and the gates locked upon them, he
had compassion on them, and gave them
food and money, and let them pass through
his army in safety.
After the siege had lasted eleven months,
the garrison were in so much distress for
want of food that they were reduced to
eat horses, dogs, and cats, till even these
failed, and John de A^ienne found himself
obliged to capitulate. Edward agreed, after
some hesitation, that on condition that six
of their principal citizens should come to
him barefooted, with ropes about their
necks and bring him the keys of the town,
he would spare the lives of the rest. The
people of Calais were greatly distressed
when they heard the terms the king of
England insisted on. While they were de-
liberating on what was to be done, Eustace
de St. Pierre, one of the richest mer-
chants of the town, offered himself as
the first of the six victims. His example
inspired five others with equal courage,
and after a sorrowful parting with their
friends (for they all expected to be hung)
they appeared before Edward. He affected,
for it is supposed he was not really in
earnest, to be so much enraged against
the people of Calais for holding out so
long against him, that he ordered these six
men to be executed. Queen Philippa then
fell on her knees before him, and besought
him to pardon them. The king granted her
request, and she had them conducted to
her apartment where she entertained them
honourably, and sent them back to the town,
bestowing on them many rich presents.
Edward took possession of Calais on the
•4th of August, 1047, and turning out all