Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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Edward, however, burned for more ample
vengeance than this. He collected a large
army and marched towards the border,
with the intention of severely chastising the
now defenceless Scots; but when he reach-
ed Carlisle he was suddenly seized with a
severe illness, from which he never re-
covered. He died in a tent upon the plain
of Burgh, near Carlisle^ on the 7th of July,
1307, in the sixty-ninth year of his age,
and thirty-fifth of his reign.
His hatred of Scotland was so inveterate
that on his deathbed he made his son,
Edward II., promise never to make peace
with that nation until it was subdued.
Edward the Second was a very weak
He marched a short way into Scotland
with the immense army his father had col-
lected, but returned without fighting a single
In the mean time the Scots re-took nearly
all the castles that Edward the First had
conquered, and at last Sir Philip de Mow-
bray, the governor of Stirling, came to
London to tell the king that the last Scot-
tish town of importance which remained in
possession of the English would be surren-
dered, if it were not relieved by force of
arms, before Midsummer.
Edward roused from his lethargy, as-
sembled forces from all parts of his do-
minions, enlisted troops from foreign coun-
tries, and invited large bodies of the Irish
and Welsh to a certain conquest. The
Scotch historians say his army amounted
to a hundred thousand men-at-arms.
Robert Bruce entreated all his nobles to
join him, when he heard of these exten-
sive preparations; but he could not per-
suade more than thirty thousand men to
join his standard. With these, however,
he determined on waiting the arrival of
the Enghsh, and as he knew that their
first attempt would be to relieve the castle
of Stirling, he led his army down into a
plain near that town, where he posted them
with great skill and prudence. On the right,
he was protected by the banks of the brook
called Bannockburn, which are so rocky
that no troops could march upon them; on
his left the Scottish line extended nearly
to Stirling. Not content with this, Bruce
ordered all the ground upon the front of
the line of battle to be dug full of holes
and filled with brush-wood, and it is said,
he also caused steel spikes to be scattered
up and down the plain where the English
cavalry were most likely to advance.
On the 24th of June, 1314. King Edward
arrived within sight of the Scottish army,
and next morning at break of day began
the famous battle of Bannockburn.
The English king ordered his men to
begin the action. The archers bent their
bows and shot so closely together that the
arrows fell like flakes of snow, and many
hundreds of the Scots were killed. Bruce,
who had foreseen this, ordered a body of
his cavalry to the attack. Charging full
gallop among the defenceless archers, who
had no weapons save their bows and ar-
rows, which they could not use in close
combat, they cut them down by thousands.
The English cavalry then advanced to sup-
port their archers and attack the Scottish
line, but passing over the ground which
had been dug full of holes, the horses fell,
and the riders lay tumbling about without
any means of defence, and unable to rise,
from the weight of their armour. While
the English were alarmed at their unfor-
tunate situation, an event happened which
at once decided the battle. A large body
of men and boys, who were followers of
the Scottish army, had been placed in am-
bush by Bruce, behind a hill on the left.
When they witnessed the confusion of the
enemy they rushed from their place of
concealment with such weapons as they
could command, and as they had with them
several military standards, the English, al-
ready embarrassed, mistook this disorderly
rabble for a new army of their adversaries.
A panic seized them, they threw away their
arms and fled. The Scots pursued them
with great slaughter for more than ninety
miles, and King Edward himself narrowly
escaped from their hands by taking shelter
in Dunbar, whose gates were opened to
him by the earl of March.
This defeat made a deep impression upon
the minds of the English, and for some
years no superiority in numbers could en-
courage them to attack their victorious
The Scots, on the other hand, overjoyed
at the glorious issue of this battle, fought
in the cause of Freedom, were raised to
the highest pitch of military pride; and
from that day to this, the Field of Ban-
nockburn has been the theme of their con-
stant admiration. (St. Percy.)
I love the hills, my native hills.
O'er which so oft I've stray'd.
The frhady trees, the murm'ring rills.
Where I in childhood played.