Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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Baliol was carried prisoner to London j
and committed to the Tower; two years j
after, being restored to liberty, he sub- j
mitted to a voluntary banishment in France, i
where, without making any farther attempts
for the recovery of his throne, he died in
a private station.
Edward appointed officers to maintain
his dominion over Scotland, with a small
military force to secure their authority.
One of them, named Cressingham, treated
the Scots with great severity, and had no
other object than amassing money by rapine
and injustice. The bravest and most gen-
erous spirits of the nation were thus ex-
asperated in the highest degree, and only
wanted some leader to command them, to
rise up in a body against the English, and
recover the liberty of their country.
One soon arose in the person of Sir
William Wallace of Ellerslie, whose name
is still remembered with the greatest vene-
ration by the Scots. This man having been
provoked by the insolence of an English
officer, put him to death, lied into the
woods, and offered himself as a leader to
any who would join him in his retreat.
Here he soon collected so large a body of
his persecuted countrymen, that the English
soldiers all left the country, and fled to
Edward for assistance. Their terror gave
courage to the Scots, who took to their
arms in every quarter, and prepared to de-
fend, by an united effort, that liberty which
they had so unexpectedly recovered.
Earl Warrenne, to whom the care of
preserving order in Scotland had been com-
mitted, soon passed the Tweed at the head
of forty thousand men, and advanced to
Stirling, in the vicinity of which, though
upon the northern side of the river Forth,
Wallace had encamped. A narrow wooden
bridge crossed the stream, over which War-
renne attempted to pass. Wallace suffered
a considerable part of the English army to
advance, but when about half were over,
and the bridge was crowded with those
who were following, he charged them with
his whole force, slew a great number, and
drove the rest into the Forth. Those who
had not passed the bridge first set fire to
it, and then lied in the greatest confusion.
Cressingham, who led the van, was killed
in the very beginning of the battle, and
the Scots detested him so much that they
flayed the skin from his dead body, and
made saddle-girths of it.
Edward I. was in Flanders when these
events took place; he now hastened over
to England, and in a very short time led
an army in person into Scotland, and met
Wallace near the town of Falkirk. The
English king had with him a large body
of the finest cavalry in the world, Normans
and English, all armed in complete mail;
he had also a celebrated band of archers.
A most desperate battle was fought,
which for a long time was undecided, but
when Edward commanded his archers to
advance, they poured upon the enemy's
ranks such close and dreadful volleys of
arrows that it was impossible to sustain
them. The whole Scottish army was broken
and chased off the field with great slaughter.
Wallace retired to the mountains, and
continued to live there for no less than
seven years after the battle of Falkirk.
Edward offered a large reward for his
capture, and at length this brave patriot
and hardy warrior was betrayed by a friend.
Sir John Menteith, whom he had made
acquainted with the place of his conceal-
ment. Wallace was carried in chains to
London, tried as a rebel and traitor, and
condemned to death. He was drawn upon
a sledge to the place of execution, where
his head was struck off, and his body di-
vided into four quarters, which were ex-
posed on pikes of iron upon London bridge.
(St. Percy.)
Edward was deceived in supposing that
his great severity would tame the Scots
into submission, for soon after the death
of Wallace, Robert Bruce, a grandson of
that Bruce who opposed the pretensions of
Baliol to the Scottish throne, determined
upon shaking off the yoke of England or
perishing in the attempt. He was, without
doubt, the rightful heir to the throne of
Scotland, and the nobility readily took up
their arms in his support; they soon made
themselves masters of all the open country
and the most important fortresses, and
Robert Bruce was solemnly crowned at
Edward was greatly incensed when he
heard that the Scots were making new at-
tempts to shake off his authority, and sent
a large army against them under the earl
of Pembroke, who attacked Bruce unex-
pectedly at Methven, in Pertshire, and en-
tirely defeated him. Bruce fought with the
most heroic courage, was thrice dismounted
in the action and as often recovered him-
self, but was at last obliged to flee to the
mountains, where he and a few brave ad-
herents were chased from one place of re-
fuge to another, and underwent many hard-