Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
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42
by suspension canals, instead of those aque-
ducts with lofty stone arches, which are so
expensive in their construction. On the
estate of M. de Ghabrol, there is a small
aqueduct of one pipe supported by suspen-
sion chains.
Mr. Telford, the engineer under whose
directions the Menai Bridge was construct-
ed, was unequalled in this or any other
country for the number and importance of
his public works. There is scarcely a
county in England, Wales, or Scotland, in
which they may not be pointed out. The
Conway Bridge, the Caledonian Canal, the
St. Katherine's Docks, the Holyhead roads
and bridges, the Highland roads and brid-
ges, the Chirke and Pont-y-cisilte aqueducts
are the works of his genius and ability.
The Menai Bridge will probably be regarded
as the most striking monument of his fame.
In the construction of the Caledonian Canal
he successfully contended with immense ob-
stacles; but he was accustomed to set a
higher value on the improvements which
he effected on the Holyhead Road than on
any othei- of his works. Mr. Telford was
born in the parish of Westerhill, in the
county of Dumfries, in the year 1757. At
the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to
the trade of a mason, and, imtil 1783, he
continued to be employed in house and
bridge building in his native district of
Eskdale. Having then been taught archi-
tectural drawing he came up to London,
and was for some time employed at the
great square of public-offices at Somerset
House: gradually he rose from the stone-
mason and builder's yard to the head of
his profession. Though all his conceptions
were vast, yet to magnificence he knew
how to join beauty and elegance. When
at the highest point of his fame, his con-
duct towards the junior members of his
profession was marked by great kindness
and liberality, and to the latest period of
his life he was fond of the society of young
men who delighted in learning, encom^aging
them to pursue their studies in the manner
best calculated to insure eminence in their
respective avocations. He was a great
reader, and by self-instruction acquired a
knowledge of Latin, German, French, and
Italian. He generally retired to bed before
twelve, and read himself to sleep; rose at
seven, and finished breakfast before eight,
at which hour he entered his office for
business; and to his punctuality he no
doubt owed some of his great success in
life. Mr. Telford was never married. For
some time he had been gradually withdraw-
ing from his professional duties, and chielly
occupied himself in preparing a detailed
account of the great works which he had
planned and lived to see executed. The
writer in the 'Kepei'tory of Arts' states,
that the manuscript of this work was com-
pleted a few years before his death, which
took place on the 2nd of September, 1834;
and on the 10th his remains were deposited
in Westminster Abbey. Like Arkwright
and Watt, his genius was one peculiarly
adapted to the country of his birth; like
them he added to its resources, and in-
creased the means of its wealth and hap-
piness.
52. THE CONQUEST OF SCOTLAND.
About four years after the conquest of
Wales, King Edward L was appealed to by
the nobles of Scotland to decide on the
pretensions of Robert Bruce, lord of An-
nandale, and John Baliol, the lord of Gal-
loway, who both laid claim to the crown
of that kingdom: both were great and pow-
erful barons, and both were descended from
the Scottish royal family. Edward declared
Baliol to be king of Scotland, to be held
under him as the sovereign thereof; and
Baliol, rather than hazard his claim by
offending the English monarch, consented
to do homage to him, and acknowledge
him as his Hege lord.
Soon after this transaction. King Edward
began to show Baliol that it was not his
intention to be satisfied with a bare ac-
knowledgment of his right of sovereignty,
but that he was determined to exercise it
with severity on every possible occasion.
Many quarrels arose between the two kings,
and at last Baliol sent a letter to Edward
formally renouncing his dependence upon
him. Edward immediately raised a power-
ful army, amongst which came Robert Bruce,
marched into Scotland, and defeated Baliol
in a great battle near Dunbar. All the
important towns opened their gates to the
conqueror, who marched from one end of
the kingdom to the other, and at the close
of the year the whole of Scotland was in
possession of the invader. There was a
stone to which the popular superstition
of the Scots paid the highest veneration:
all their kings were seated on it during the
ceremony of their coronation, and an an-
cient tradition assured them that wherever
this stone was placed, their nation should
always govern. Edward got possession of
it, and removed it to Westminster abbey.
It remains there to this day, and is always
used in the coronation of an English So-
vereign.