Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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37
facture of Wales is flannel, and other wool-
en goods, in which it excels all other coun-
tries; it contains also some manufactories
of iron and hardware goods.
(P. Parley.)
44. THE WELSH.
This nation is light and active, rather
than hardy and strong, and generally bred
up to the use of arms. For not only the
nobles, but all the people, are trained to
war; and when the trumpet sounds the
alarm, the husbandman rushes as eagerly
from his plough as the courtier from his
court. For here it is not found that, as in
other places, the labour of the husband-
man returns through a regular, annual suc-
cession; for, in the months of March and
April only, the soil is ploughed for oats;
and twice in the summer, and once in the
winter, for wheat. Almost all the people
live upon the produce of their herds, with
oats, milk, cheese, and butter; eating
llesh in a larger proportion than bread.
They pay no attention to commerce, ship-
ping, or manufactures; and suffer no in-
terruptions but by martial exercises. They
anxiously study the defence of their coun-
try, and their liberty. For these they
fight; for these they undergo hardships;
and for these they willingly sacrifice their
lives. They esteem it a disgrace to die
in bed; an honour to die in the field of
battle. It is remarkable that this people,
though unarmed, dares attack an armed
foe. The infantry defy the cavalry; and,
by their activity and courage, generally
prove victorious. They make use of light
arms, which do not impede their agility;
small breast-plates; bundles of arrows, and
long lances; helmets and shields; and, very
rarely, greaves plated with iron. The
higher class go to battle mounted on swift
and generous steeds, which their country
produces; but the greater part of the people
fight on foot, on account of the nature of
the soil, which is marshy, and not level
enough for regular battle. The horsemen,
as their situation or occasion requires, act
readily as infantry, in attacking or retreat-
ing; and they either walk barefooted, or
make use of high shoes, roughly construct-
ed with untanned leather. In time of peace,
the young men, by penetrating the deep
recesses of the woods, and climbing the
tops of the mountains, learn, by nightly
practice, to endure the fatigue by day;
and, as they meditate on war during peace.
they acquire the art of fighting by accus-
toming themselves to the use of the lance,
and by inuring themselves to hard exercise.
Not addicted to gluttony or drunkenness,
this people are wholly employed in the
care of their horses and furniture. Ac-
customed to fast from morning till even-
ing, and trusting to the care of Providence,
they dedicate the whole day to business,
and, in the evening, partake of a moderate
meal, and even if they have none, or only
a very scanty one, they patiently wait till
the next evening; and, neither deterred by
cold nor hunger, they employ the dark and
stormy nights, in watching the hostile mo-
tions of their enemies.
No one of this nation ever begs: so
much does hospitality here rejoice in com-
munication, that it is neither offered to,
nor requested by, travellers, who, on enter-
ing any house, only deliver up their arms,
when water is offered to them. If they
suffer their feet to be washed, they are
considered as guests for the night. But,
if they refuse it, they only wish for morn-
ing refreshment, and not lodging. Those
who arrive in the morning are entertained
till evening by the conversation of young
women, and the music of the harp; for
each house has its young women, and
harps allotted to this purpose. In the
evening, when no more guests are ex-
pected, the meal is prepared according to
the number and dignity of the persons
present, and according to the wealth ofthe
family who entertains. The kitchen does
not furnish many dishes, nor high incite-
ments to eating; for which reason they
place all the dishes together, the guests
being arranged, not by twos, as in other
places, but by threes, on rushes and clean
hay. They also make use of a thin and
broad cake of bread, baked every day,
which, in the Old Testament is called La-
gana, as a trencher for their meat. Though
the rest of the family take every care of
the guests, the host and hostess continue
standing, and paying unremitted attention
to every thing, and take no food till all
the company is satisfied, that in case of
any deficiency it may fall upon themselves.
A bed made of rushes, and covered with
a coarse kind of cloth, manufactured in
the country, is then placed along the side
of the room, and they all in the same
manner lie down to sleep. Nor is their
dress at night different from that by day;
for at all seasons they defend themselves
from the cold only by a cloak and an
under garment. The men and women cut
their hair close round to the ears and eyes.