Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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agreeably to the laws. Now, John, who
had been driven into this measure against
his will, and, from a fear lest he should
be deprived of the crown, unless he grant-
ed the wishes of the barons, no sooner
found himself in a condition to oppose them,
than he denied that the agreement was
binding on him, and began to treat his
subjects as oppressively as ever.
He afterwards had a quarrel with the
bishop of Rome; who then claimed to have
a right to meddle in the affairs of the church
of England; and this arrogant priest pre-
tended, that as John would not obey him,
he had also a right to deprive him of his
crown, which he offered to the son of the
king of France. This prince coming over
with an army, was in a fair way for tak-
ing John's crown from him; but John sub-
mitted to the bishop of Rome, and was
suffered to keep it, on condition of ac-
knowledging the bishop for his master.
Hence, as he could not be said to have
any land of his own, he was called 'Sans
Terre;' or, 'Lack-Land.'
He died very miserably, and disliked by
every body, aged lifty-one.
History has recorded few events more
replete with pathetic interest than the fate
of Llewellyn, justly entitled 'The Great,'
the last of the Welsh princes.
A series of brilliant actions, during the
minority of Edward I., whom he had early
foiled in the field of battle, gave rise to
a personal animosity in that prince, to be
appeased only by the downfall of Llewellyn
and his people. It could not be more
strongly shown lhan by the manner of his
taking advantage of the long romantic pas-
sion entertained by the Welsh prince for
the daughter of the earl of Leicester,
Eleanora de Montfort, to whom he had
been affianced in their childhood. After
the death of her father she retired to France,
where she completed her education, and
subsequently became the pride and orna-
ment of the court. Early in the year 1276,
at the solicitation of Llewellyn, she left
the French court attended by her brother,
and set sail for the coast of Wales; unfor-
tunately, in passing the Scilly Islands, the
vessel was captured by an English ship,
and Eleanora was conveyed to the court
of Edward, and detained in honourable at-
tendance upon the queen. Llewellyn was
distracted at this unfortunate wreck of his
fondest hopes, and implored the king to
release her, and offered a large sum for the
ransom of his bride, but for a time it was
in vain.
After tormenting the Welsh prince for
about two years, Edward restored to him
his dearest treasure, and as a mark of royal
favour, the nuptials were graced by the
presence of the king and queen.
Llewellyn, almost immediately after his
marriage, retired with his consort into
Wales, and an interval of repose, which
lasted two years, followed their return, when
the early death of the lovely and faithful
Eleanora seemed to snap asunder the only
tie which held both the princes and people
of the two countries in temporary amity.
Soon after this melancholy event a spirit
of general resistance to the English laws
broke out among the inhabitants of Wales;
their prince refused to attend the summons
of the English king, and in the month of
April, 1282, Edward began his march to-
wards Chester.
At first he could make no progress, but
towards the close of the same year he ad-
vanced to Conway, where he took up a
strong position, on the plains at the foot
of Snowdon. Anglesea soon fell, and Ed-
ward prepared to pass the straits of Menai,
to gain possession of the enemy's rear.
The English made a bridge of boats,
wide enough for sixty men to march abreast;
the Welsh, on their side, threw up intrench-
ments to secure the pass. Before the bridge
was quite complete, a party of English
passed at low water without opposition;
they were suffered to advance but as soon
as the river had risen, the nearest body of
the Welsh rushed from their position, and
routed them with great slaughter. Fifteen
knights and one thousand soldiers were
thus slain, or perished in the Menai.
Edward was obliged to retire to the
castle of Rhuddlan, and the Welsh were
eager to become the assailants, but their
leader, not conceiving himself sufficiently
strong, retired with his army into South
Wales, where he summoned an assembly
of his barons.
Llewellyn soon learned that Edward was
marching against him with a large army.
He had nothing to fear from the southern
quarter, but was anxious to secure the only
pass into the country by which danger
might arrive from the north. On the morrow,
therefore, having posted his main army on
a mountain, he placed a body of his troops
at Pont Orewyn, which commanded the
passage over the Wye. Thus secured as
he thought from any fear of surprise, Llew-