Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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see the stones worn away with the knees
of the pilgrims who went to worship at the
shrine of Sf. Thomas a liecket.
(G. Davys.)
45. RICHARD COEUR DE LION.
Richard the First was a very brave man'
and was therefore called Richard Goeur de
Lion. His wars were chielly carried on
against the Infidels in the Holy Land. These
wars were called the Crusades. He went
with Philip, king of France, to this enter-
prise, and their two armies amounted to a
hundred thousand fighting men. The king
of France did not stay long in the Holy
Land, but went home again on account of
the badness of his health. He, however,
left ten thousand of his men with the king
of England, to assist in the war. Richard
was very successful in conquering all be-
fore him. The infidel Saracens were beaten
in every battle. Richard took the city of
Ascalon, and many others of less note, and
was going to besiege Jerusalem; but he
found that his army was so wasted with
famine and fatigue, and even with victory,
that it was necessary to give up the war
for the present. A truce was agreed on
for three years, on conditions favourable
to the Christians.
There is a curious story told about this
King Richard. In returning home, he took
the road through Germany, dressed in the
habit of a pilgrim. He was, however, seized
by the duke of Austria, and put into prison.
This same duke of Austria had been with
his armies in the Holy Land, and whilst
he was there, the king of England and he
had frequent quarrels: for Richard Coeur
de Lion was not only a very brave man,
but he was also a very violent, haughty
man, and could not keep his temper within
any bounds, if he might not have his own
way in every thing. Now this the other
leaders did not like, and this led to great
disputes amongst them. The duke of Au-
stria was, therefore, glad enough to get the
haughty king of England into his power:
and thus the king, who had filled the world
with his greatness, was now thrown into a
dungeon, and loaded with irons. It was a
long time before the English people knew
what was become of their beloved king.
His place of confinement is said to have
been found out by a poor French musician,
who was near the prison, and was playing
upon his harp a tune which he knew the
king of England to be fond of. The king
answered from within, by playing on his
harp the same tune. The English gladly
gave above three hundred thousand pounds
for his deliverance, and thus this loyal
people had the happiness to set their mon-
arch free.
You may be sure that the English people
were full of joy at the return of their king.
He entered London in great triumph, and
was soon afterwards crowned anew at Win-
chester. His cruel brother John had, dur-
ing this time, been acting as king, and doing
all he could to get Richard detained in
prison; — but the king generously forgave
him.
There was something singular in the death
of Richard. A person who held some land
in France under the king of England, found
a treasure in his field, and sent a part of
it to the king. Richard knew that he had
a right to the whole, and insisted upon
having it. The treasure was placed in a
strong castle in France, and Richard at-
tacked the castle. As he was riding round
the place on the fourth day of the siege,
he was shot in the shoulder by an arrow
from the castle. The wound was badly
treated, and it mortified, and brought on
the death of the king.
Before his death, he is said to have or-
dered the archer who shot him to be brought
into his presence; and he nobly forgave
him, and ordered him to be set at liberty.
His attendants, however, full of rage, put
the man to death as soon as he had quitted
the presence of the king.
Richard died in the tenth year of his
reign, in the year 1199. (G. Dayys.)
46. KING JOHN.
As Richard had no children by his queen,
he left the crown, by will, to John; al-
though Arthur, the son of Geoffrey, John's
elder brother, was the rightful heir.
This king combined with the vices which
had disgraced the worst of his predeces-
sors, a weakness of character, and a cow-
ardice from which they were free. He
cruelly and wantonly oppressed all ranks
of his subjets, until the patience of the
nation became exhausted, and a powerful
combination was raised against him, by
some of the leading barons; who at length
compelled him to sign the *Magna Charta
or, ^Great Charter;' which was a written
agreement betwixt the king and the people,
by which the latter were to be secured
from future oppressive acts ofthe sovereign;
who bound himself to act towards them