Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
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33
He married Matilda, daughter of the
Earl of Flanders, and had four sons and
five daughters, of whom the most remark-
able are Robert, William, and Henry, and
Adela, his youngest daughter, who was
married to Stephen, count of Blois. He
was very unhappy in his cViildren, who
never could agree amongst themselves.
Being at war with France he was killed
by a bruise, which he got from the violent
plunging of his horse, at the burning of
the town of Nantes in that country.
43. HENRY H. PLANTAGExNET.
On the death of Stephen, Henry took
possession of the throne, according to the
agreement made while Stephen was alive.
This prince surpassed all the previous
Norman kings, in the wisdom which he
displayed in his endeavours to render his
people happy and nourishing. He caused
many of the castles which had been built
in former reigns to be pulled down; because
those who lived in them, used to rob the
inhabitants of the neighbourhood, and, in
other ways cruelly to oppress them. He
also caused the towns which had been burnt
down in the late wars, to be rebuilt; and
took care that justice should be duly ad-
ministered to all.
In his reign Ireland was conquered, and
has ever since been united to England.
Henry married Eleanor, of Aquitaine, by
whom he had four sons, Henry, Richard,
Geoffrey, and John. His queen, who is
said to have been a bad woman, brought
up her children badly. They rebelled
against their father, although he was very
kind to them and with the encouragement,
and the help of their mother, and the king
of France, they began to make war on
their father's dominions. Prince Henry,
his eldest son, wanted to deprive him of
his crown; but becoming ill, and likely to
die, he began to think how wicked it was
to treat so kind a parent in the way he
did; and this made him very miserable till
his death, which soon happened. His other
brothers behaved no better than he had
done, and were the cause of much affliction,
to Henry, all his reign.
Henry had many good qualities, mingled
with some bad ones; for he was very am-
bitious and passionate. The anxiety of
mind caused by the undutiful behaviour of
his sons, threw him into a fever, of which
he died in the fifty-seventh year of his age.
44. THOMAS A BECKET.
In King Henry the Second's reign lived the
famous Thomas a Becket. This celebrated
man rose from a very low station to be
Archbishop of Canterbury. He made great
pretensions to piety, but he appears to
have known very little of the nature of
true religion, and seems to have thought
that it consisted wholly in outward obser-
vances, and severe bodily penances and
mortiiications. We read that 'he was in
person the most mortified man that could
be seen; that he wore sackcloth next his
skin; that he changed it so seldom, that
it was filled with dirt and vermin; that his
usual diet was bread, and his drink water,
which he rendered further unpalatable by
the mixture of unsavoury herbs. His back
was mangled by frequent scourging! He
every day washed on his knees the feet of
thirteen beggars.' Such is the account of
the habits of Thomas a Becket, when he
was nearly the greatest man in the kingdom.
But, under this appearance of humility,
Becket had a heart full of pride and am-
bition. He had very great power among
the clergy; but, instead of using it in sup-
port of the king, as a Christian subject
ought to do, he employed it in opposition to
his sovereign, and wished to have the clergy
a rich and powerful body, thinking more
about their earthly dignity than their heaven-
ly calling. In short, the power of these
priests was a constant torment to the king;
and he one day, in the midst of his anger,
seemed to wish that he was 'well rid of
Becket.'
In former days, if a king wished any
person out of the way, there were plenty
of people to do the bloody work; and a
king might then easily get rid of an enemy.
And thus it was that Becket was despatched.
Four of the king's attendants, who knew
their master's wishes, set ofl" to Canterbury,
and cruelly murdered Becket whilst he was
kneeling at the altar at his prayers. You
may be sure that, after this cruel deed, the
king's conscience would not let him rest,
and he afterwards vainly tried to make
amends for his crime doing penance at
Becket's tomb. He accordingly went down
towards Canterbury. When he got within
sight of the church he alighted from his
horse, and walked barefoot towards the
town. Then he proceeded to the tomb of
'St. Thomas of Canterbury,' for so Becket
was now called. Such pilgrimages were
common in those days: and, if ever you go
to see the cathedral of Canterbury, you will
First Engl. Reading book.