Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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mud, cried out with great presence of
mind, 'Fortunate leader! you have already
taken England; its earth is in your hands!'
William advanced to Hastings. Harold,
who had returned to London, was busily
engaged in collecting troops, for those he
had led to the north had left him. He
sent spies to ascertain the strength of the
enemy, and when they were discovered,
William, instead of putting them to death
according to the laws of war, caused them
to be led through his camp and then dis-
missed. He also proposed to Harold to
decide their quarrel by a single combat;
but Harold though a brave man refused
the challenge, saying that God should judge
between them.
The two armies met at a place then
named Senlac, now called Battle from the
event, about eight miles on the London
side from Hastings. The night before the
battle was spent by the Normans in devo-
tion, by the English in feasting and revel-
ry. At dawn next morning king Harold
drew up his troops on the side of a hill |
in a solid mass; each man bore a shield
to cover him, and grasped a battle-axe, the
ancient English weapon. In the centre
waved the royal banner, which displayed
the figure of a fighting warrior woven in
gold, and the king and his brothers Gurth
and Leofwin took their station beneath it.
On an opposite eminence the duke dispos-
ed his troops in three lines, the fu'st of
archers, the second of heavy infantry, the
third of cavalry. The banner sent by the
pope was borne in the front by a knight
named Toustaine the Fair, and round the
neck of the duke were hung the relics on
which Harold had sworn.
The war-cry of the Normans was j'God!
help us !' that of the English 'Holy rood
[i, e. cross]! God's rood!' A knight named
Taillefer preceded the Norman army
mounted on a stately war-horse, tossing up
his sword with one hand and catching it
with the other, while he sang the deeds
of an ancient hero named Roland. He
slew two English warriors, but fell by the
hand of the third. The Normans then
began to ascend the hill; their archers hav-
ing discharged their arrows fell back on
the infantry, who then advanced to the
charge, but could make no impression on
the solid mass of the English. The cavalry
then charged, but were cut down by the
formidable battle-axes. The whole of the
left wing of the Normans turned and fled;
a report was spread that the duke had
fallen, but he took off his helmet and rode
along the line to reassure his men. At
length by feigning ilight the Normans in-
duced the English to break their ranks and
pursue, and then turned on them and cut
them to pieces. The main body however
still stood firm and unbroken, till William
directed his archers to shoot their arrows
up in the air so as to fall on the enemies.
One of these arrows wounded Harold in
the eye; twenty Norman knights rushed to
seize the royal banner; the king was slain,
and the English then broke and tied. It
was now night, but the Normans continued
the pursuit by the light of the moon; the
fugitives however turned and took a severe
vengeance for their defeat.
William caused a spot near where Harold
had fallen to be cleared, and pitched a
tent there, in which he and his nobles sup-
ped that night. He afterwards founded an
abbey on that very spot, which was named
Battle Abbey, that prayers might be con-
tinually offered up for the souls of those
who had fallen. (Th. Keightley.)
After the defeat of the English, and the
death of their king Harold, who was the
last of the Saxon race that wore their crown,
his successful rival William, duke of Nor-
mandy, became king.
By means of the army of foreigners,
whom he had brought over with him, he
cruelly oppressed his English subjects.
Therefore many fled from these oppressions
to other countries; and Malcolm, king of
Scotland, kindly received the exiles. He
unjustly took away the lands of the Saxon
nobles, and gave them to his own follow-
ers, who built strong castles on them with
which to keep the surrounding country in
William was tall and stoutly made; and
his strength was so great, that, it is said,
no one in England but himself could bend
his bow. Moreover he was brave and skil-
ful in war; in which he very much delight-
ed. In times of peace, hunting was his
favourite diversion; indeed, he is not known
ever to have indulged in any other. So
great was his love for this amusement, tliat
he very unjustly and barbarously drove out
the inhabitants from large tracts of country,
in order that they might lie waste and un-
cultivated; and that the wild animals which
he loved to hunt, might increase in them,
and be protected for his own sport. These
tracts were called Koyal Forests. The
New Forest in Hampshire, from which he
drove out the inhabitants of thirty villages,
remains to the present day.