Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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■wand in their hands. They cut their hair
short, but let their beards grow remarkably
long. The Druids had one chief, or Arch-
druid, chosen from among themselves, who
had an absolute authority over all the rest;
and commanded, and punished at pleasure.
When one Arch-druid died, another was
chosen in his place, and continued in office
for the rest of his life. The Druids were
held in great veneration by the rest ofthe
people, and were accustomed to settle most
of their disputes; if any one disobeyed their
commands, they excommunicated him: this
indeed was their principal pimishment, and
it consisted in excluding the criminal from
all public assemblies, and from holding any
office in the state; and everybody avoided
him, not daring even to speak to him or
give him any food, for fear of being pol-
luted. The Druids taught the people to
worship the sun, moon, and stars, and
sacrificed animals, and even human beings,
to them. Other remains, similar to those
of Stonehenge, are found in different parts
of the country. (P- Parley.)
Canute, the greatest and most pow-
erful monarch of the eleventh century,
sovereign of Denmark and Norway, as well
as of England, could not fail of meeting
with adulation from his courtiers, a tribute
which is liberally paid even to the meanest
and weakest princes. Some of his flatterers
breaking out one day in admiration of his
grandeur, exclaimed that every thing was
possible for him; upon which the monarch,
it is said, ordered his chair to be set on
the sea-shore, while the tide was rising,
and as the waters approached, he com-
manded them to retire and to obey the
voice of him who was lord of the ocean.
He feigned to sit some time in expectation
of their submission; but when the sea still
advanced towards him, and began to wash
him with its billows, he turned to his cour-
tiers, and remarked to them: That every
creature in the universe was feeble and
impotent, and that power resides with one
Being only, in whos« hands were all the
elements of nature; who could say to the
ocean : thus far slialt thou go, and no farther;
and who could level with his nod the most
towering piles of human pride and ambition.
William was only eight years of age
when his father, Robert of Normandy, die^d.
A year before, Robert had made a pil-
grimage to Jerusalem, to atone for his
sins. On that occasion the Norman barons
swore fealty to the child, but several of
the chiefs protested against him. The friends
of William made war upon them, and they
were put down before they had time to
become formidable.
William exhibited at the earliest age many
proofs of his courage and wisdom. He was,
when only seven years of age, attacked by
a wolf in the forest adjoining the castle.
He was riding with an attendant, and sud-
denly came upon a wolf-den. He soon dis-
covered that the old wolf was within it,
and had two cubs, over wliich she stood
at bay. He forthwith determined to attack
and destroy the wolf His attendant, a
knight of Normandy, offered to assist him.
'No,' said the child, '1 should like to kill
a wolf by myself He then drew his sword,
and went boldly into the den. The wolf
immediately sprang at him; he, however,
resolutely met her, and making a few sharp
stabs with his very keen sword, he
despatched her, and bore of!" her cubs as
trophies to the castle of Falaise.
William, as he advanced in age, grew in
favour with his partisans, and some intei-
esting traits of his youth are further re-
corded. The day when he for the first
time put on armour and mounted a war-
horse, was a day of great rejoicing in
Normandy. He occupied himself with
military concerns from his boyhood, and in
his youth made war upon Brittany and
Anjou. In a sharp skirmish he signalized
himself, although only fourteen years of
age. Information was brought to the camp
where he lay, that a large quantity of pro-
visions was passing through a defile of the
mountains towards the opposing army. He
instantly jumped upon his horse. It was
in the middle of the night. He called upon
those to follow who lodged close to him,
and away he rode towards a bridge over
which the convoy was passing. He dashed
upon the militarv* escort and separated
it from the supplies, which he drove to-
wards his own camp. In this rencontre
he was furiously attacked by two troopers,
but he cut his way th^'ough them, regained
his companions, and came off victor. What
a prestige was this of his future life!
The Normans were great 'ship-men,' and
fought as well upon water as upon land.