Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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issa took him in liis arms, and returned
with him to the distressed parents and
their friends, who had not been able to
advance with the same speed. He restored
httle Derick to his father and mother, who
ran to meet him, when a scene of tender-
ness and gratitude ensued which may be
easier felt than described. He was in a
state of extreme weakness, but by means
of a little care, was in a short time restor-
ed to his usual vigour. (Captain T. Brown.)
About eight miles from the Tortugas, a
group of islands lying in the gulf of Flo-
rida, is a great coral reef or wall, on which
many an ignorant or careless navigator has
suffered shipwreck. The whole ground
around them is densely covered with corals,
and other productions of the deep, amid
which crawl innumerable testaceous animals,
while shoals of curious and beautiful fislies
fdl the limpid waters above them. Turt-
les of different species resort to these
banks, to deposit their eggs in the burn-
ing sand, and clouds of sea-fowl arrive
every spring for the same purpose. These
are followed by persons called 'Eggers,'
who, when their cargoes are completed, sail
to distant markets, to exchange their eggs
for a portion of that gold, on the acquisi-
tion of which all men seem bent.
But the Tortugas are not the only breed-
ing places of the turtles; these animals, on
the contrary, frequent many other keys, as
well as various parts of the coast of the
mainland. There are four different species,
which are known by the names of the green
turtle, the hawk-billed turtle, the logger-
head turtle, and the trunk turtle. The first
is considered the best as an article offood,
in which capacity it is well known to most
epicures. It approaches the shores, and
enters the bays, inlets, and rivers, early in
the month of April, after having spent the
winter in the deep waters. It deposits its
eggs in convenient places, at two different
times of May, and once again in June. The
first deposit is the largest, and the last the
least, the total quantity being at an aver-
age about two hundred and forty. The
hawk-billed turtle, whose shell is so valu-
able as an article of commerce, being used
for various purposes in the arts, is the next
with respect to the quality of its flesh. It
resorts to the outer keys only, where it de-
posits its eggs in two sets, first in July, and
again in 'August, although it crawls the
beaches of these keys much earlier in the
season, as if to look for a safe place. The
loggerhead visits the Tortugas in April, and
lays from that period until late in June
three sets of eggs, each set averaging a
hundred and seventy. The trunk turtle,
which is sometimes of an enormous size
and which has a pouch hke a pelican,
reaches the shores latest. The shell and
flesh are so soft that one may push his fin-
ger into them, almost as into a lump of
butter. This species is therefore consider-
ed as the least valuable, and indeed is sel-
dom eaten, unless by the Indians, who, ever
alert when the turtle season commences,
first carry ofl" the eggs, and afterwards catch
the turtles themselves. The average num-
ber of eggs which it lays in the season, in
two sets, may be three hundred and fifty.
The loggerhead and the trunk turtles are
the least cautious in choosing the places in
which to deposit their eggs, whereas the
two other species select the wildest and
most secluded spots. The green turtle re-
sorts either to the shores of the Main be-
tween Cape Sable and Cape Florida, or
enters Indian, Halifax and other large ri-
vers or inlets, from which it makes its re-
treat as speedily as possible, and betakes
itself to the open sea. Great numbers,
however, are killed by the turtlers and In-
dians, as well as by various species of car-
nivorous animals, as congars, lynxes, bears
and wolves. The hawkbill, which is still
more war^-, and is always the most difficult
to surprise, keeps to the sea islands. All
the species employ nearly the same method
in depositing their eggs in the sand, and as
I have several times observed them in the
act, I am enabled to present you with a
circumstantial account of it.
On first nearing the shores, and mostly
on fine calm moonlight nights the turtle
raises her head above the water, being still
distant thirty or forty yards from the beach,
looks around her, and attentively examines
the objects on the shore. Should she ob-
serve nothing likely to disturb her intended
operations, she emits a loud hissing sound,
by which such of her many enemies as are
unaccustomed to it are startled, and so are
apt to remove to another place, although
unseen by her. Should she hear any noise,
or perceive indications of danger, she in-
stantly sinks and goes off to a considerable
distance; but should every thing be quiet,
she advances slowly towards the beach,
crawls over it, her head raised to the full
stretch of her neck; and when she has reach-
ed a place fitted for her purpose, she gazes
all round in silence. Finding 'all well,' she
proceeds to form a hole in the sands, which