Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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159. LIFE - PRESERVERS.
There are many kinds of hfe-preservers,
or machines to bear up people in the wa-
ter, and thereby prevent their drowning.
Sailors are so liable to accidents in the
water that all o-f them ought to be swim-
mers; yet very many of them can no more
swim in the water than I can fly in the air.
One life-pre.server is a cork-jacket, which
answers the purpose very well; another is
formed of a cylinder, or ball, of thin cop-
per, which, having nothing but air in it,
will bear up a great weight. Blown blad-
ders answer the same end, but they are
more hable to injury. The human body
does not require much assistance to make
it lloat on the water, but a life-preserver,
even to a good swimmer, is a very neces-
sary article after he has been in the water
a long time.
There is another life - preserver, and a
very good one. It is a collar of cork two
inches thick, and nineteen inches across,
with a hole in the middle to put the head
through. Perhaps you never heard of a
tippet made of cork before. This hfe-
preserver is a cork tippet, and weighs be-
tween two and three pounds. It will hold
up the man who wears it, and another
clinging to him in the water, without their
moving either arms or legs to help them-
selves. You may make a cork-tippet your-
selves. The cork only wants a few pieces
of string, to tie it under the arms. Now
I have taught you how to make a life-
preserver.
There are also life-preservers made of
Macintosh's India-rubber-cloth. They are
made in the form of a hollow tube, which
is so adjusted as to fasten round the body
under the arms like a ring, and they are
fitted with a brass tap for inflating them
with air by the mouth. Thus equipped, a
man may be supported in the water for
hours till assistance reaches him, and he
is enabled to make his escape. (P. Parley.)
160. REASON IN BRUTES.
An elephant, which a few years ago be-
longed to Mr. Gross, at Exeter 'Change,
attained to the practice of a curious trick,
which, the first time it occurred, at least,
seems attributable to nothing short of rea-
son. It is the usual part of the perform-
ances of an elephant, at a public exhibition,
lo pick up a piece of coin, thrown within
his reach for the purpose, with his finger-
like appendage at the extremity of the trunk:
on one occasion a sixpence was thrown
down, which happened to roll a little out
of the reach of the animal, not far from
the wall: being desired to pick it up, he
stretched out his proboscis several times
to reach it; he then stood motionless for
a few seconds, evidently considering (we
have no hesitation in saying) how to act;
he then stretched his proboscis in a straight
hne as far as he could, a little distance
above the coin, and blew with great force
against the waU; the angle produced by
the opposition of the wall made the current
of air act under the coin as he evidently
intended and anticipated it would, and it
was curious to observe Ihe sixpence tra-
velling by these means towards the animal,
till it came within his reach, and he picked
it up. This comphcated calculation of na-
tural means at his disposal, was an intellec-
tual efl'ort beyond what a vast number of
human beings would ever have thought of,
and would be considered as a lucky thought,
a clever expedient, under similar circum-
stances, in any man.
161.
THE SAGACITY OF SOME
INSECTS.
Animals in general are sagacious in pro-
portion as they cultivate society. The ele-
phant and the beaver show the greatest
signs of this when united; but when man
intrudes into their communities, they lose
aU their spirit of industry, and testify but
a very small share of that sagacity, for
which, when in a social state, they are so
remarkable.
Among insects, the labours of the bee
and the ant have employed the attention
and admiration of the naturalist; but their
whole sagacity is lost upon separation, and
a single bee or ant seems destitute of
every degree of industry, is the most stu-
pid insect imaginable, languishes for a time
in solitude^ and soon dies.
Of all the solitary insects I have ever
remarked, the spider is the most sagacious,
and its actions, to me, who have attentively
considered them, seem almost to exceed
belief. This insect is formed by nature
for a state of war, not only upon other in-
sects, but upon each other. For this state
nature seems perfectly weU to have formed
it. Its head and breast are covered with
a strong natural coat of mail, which is im-
penetrable to the attempts of every other
insect, and its belly is enveloped iu a soft
pliant skin, which eludes the sting even of