Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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from the feasts of Saturn, called Saturnaha.
It was a sacrifice to Janus, a god of the
Romans, from whom the month of January
takes its name. The Roman conquerors
introduced this practice into Britain; it
was celebrated by them in December. The
utmost liberty prevailed at that time; all
was mirth and festivity: friends made pre-
sents to each other; schools were closed;
the senate did not sit; no war was pro-
claimed; no criminal was executed; slaves
were permitted to jest with their masters,
and were even waited on at table by them.
Such were the practices of the heathen!
In the towns of England, the confectioners
pile up their windows with rich cakes,
covered over with iced sugar, these cakes
are ornamented with figures, flowers, and
fruit, and one, generally, is bought to put
before the parties invited to spend the day.
Pictures of different characters are drawn
on paper, such as kings, queens, soldiers,
sailors, milkmaids, farmers, and so on, and
the young people draw for them. Whatever
character any one draws, he or she must
act the part of that character till the party
breaks up; this occasions a great deal of
diversion. Thus a vast quantity of cake is
annually consumed on the 6th of Januarj-j
and all the juvenile branches ot families
are supposed to derive much pleasure and
gratiiication from the ceremony of choosing
king and queen.
every year, young persons amuse themselves
in choosing valentines, or particular friends
for the year. This is done by sending let-
ters to one another, generally in verse, with
a drawing; many of these are very non-
Shrove Xnesflay is the daybefore Lent.
It is cafled Shrove Tuesday, because, in
old times, the people used to shrive, or
confess their sins to the priests, on that
day, that they might keep Lent more
strictly. On this day it is a custom with
the people to eat pancakes and fritters.
April Pool Day, the first of the month,
may, perhaps be kept up for many years
to come, but I never could find out what
was the origin of the custom practised on
that day.
No sooner, it appears, do young persons,
and many grown people too, rise up in the
morning, on the first day of April, then
they begin to put some joke or other upon
those around them, sending them on fruit-
less errands, or calling them to look at
something, when there is nothing to look at.
On CSood S^riday, moveable fast of the
Church of England, held in commemoration
of the day on which the Savioiu- is sup-
posed to have suffered, buns, made rather
sweet, with caraway seeds in them, are
much eaten: they are marked with across,
no doubt in remembrance of the cross of
Calvary, and as they are usually eaten hot,
so they are called hot cross buns. Thou-
sands upon thousands of them are sold and
eaten on Good Friday. The festival which
Christ himself appointed in remembrance
of his sufferings and death, is the Lord's
IVIay Day the first day of the month, and
of summer, according to popular notions,
is one of the livehest of the year, for great
numbers walk abroai^, early in the morn-
ing, while the sun is shining and the lark
singing, to go a maying, as it is called,
that is, to gather May flowers; they gener-
ally bring home a spring, and many bring
a bough of the hawthorn in blossom. In
country places, too, a tall Maypole is set
up, adorned with garlands of flowers, for
the village people to dance round. London
in olden times abounded with Maypoles,
which were called shafts. A shaft or May-
pole was kept in the vicinity of the church
of St. Andrew, Undershaft, in an alley
called Shaft Alley; and on the first of May
it was brought out, dressed with flowers
and birds' eggs, and reared up close to
the church, amid the shouts and rejoicings
of the onlookers.
The gayest scene of afl on May Day now,
is, perhaps, that of the dancing chimney-
sweepers. Go where you will, in towns,
you are sure to meet them. .There is a
tale told about a great family having had
a child kidnapped, who was afterwards sent
to sweep a chimney at the house of his
parents; notwithstanding his black face, his
brush, and his soot-bag, he was discovered,
and some say that it is in remembrance of
this circumstance that chimney-sweepers
dance on May Day. L however, know nothing
about the truth of the matter.
At an early hour on May Day, the differ-
ent parties of chimney-sweepers set off to
go round the neighbourhood, kicking up a
strange clatter, and dancing at every house.
All their faces are painted in an odd way,
and their clothes are odder still. They are
dressed up in strips of paper, and shreds
of linen, of all the colours of the rainbow,
with caps of the same kind on their heads.
One carries a dust-pan and a brush, which
he knocks together. Another shakes and
rattles two hard dry bones between his fin-
gere, and makes noise enough to be heard
half a mile ofl*. A third jingles a steel tri-
angle. A fourth, dressed like a woman