Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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ed it into shells and leaves, twisted it into
wicker work, and trailed the ductile foliage
round the light basket. He has filled our
cabinets and chimney-pieces with urns,
lamps, and vases on which are lightly tra-
ced, with the purest simplicity, the line forms
and floating draperies of Herculaneum. In
short, he has given to our houses a classic
air, and has made every saloon and every
dining-room schools of taste. I should add
that there is a great demand abroad for
this elegant Manufacture. The Empress of
Russia has had some magnificent services
of it; and the other day one was sent to
the King of Spain, intended as a present
from him to the Archbishop of Toledo,
which cost a thousand pounds. Some
morning you shall go tlirough the rooms
in the London Warehouse.
Henry. I should like very much to see
Manufactures, now you have told me such
curious things about them.
Father. You will do weK there is
much more entertainment to a cultivated
mind in seeing a pin made, than in many
a fashionable diversion which young people
half ruin themselves to attend.
Some centuries back by far the greater
proportion of the middle classes in this
country were wholly ignorant of passing
public events, while the working classes
seldom Inquired about anything beyond their
immediate callings.
How much we are advanced as a nation
in this respect may be seen from the fol-
lowing statement.
The first attempt at periodical literature
was made in England in the reign of Eli-
zabeth. It was in the shape of a pamphlet,
called the 'English Mercuric;' the first num-
ber of which, dated 1588, is still preserved
in the British Museum. There were, how-
ever, no newspapers which appeared in
England in single sheets of paper as they
do at present, until many years after that
time. The first newspaper, called 'The public
Intelligencer,' was published by Sir Roger
L'Estrange, on the 31st August, 1661. Pe-
riodicial pamphlets, which had become
fashionable in the reign of Charles L, were
more rare in the reign of James 11, The
English rebellion of 1641 gave rise to a
great number of tracts filled with violent
appeals to the pubHc: many of these tracts
bore the title of Diurnal Occurrences of
Parliament. The first Gazette in England
was published at Oxford, on November 7th,
1665, the court being then held there. On
the removal of the court to London, the
title was altered to The London Gazette.
The Orange Intelligencer was the third
newspaper published, and the first after the
revolution in 1688. This latter continued
to be the only daily newspaper in England
for some years; but in 1690 there appear
to have been nine London newspapers
published weekly. In Queen Anne's reign
(in 1709) the number of these was increas-
ed to eighteen; but still there continued to
be but one daily paper, which was then
called The London Courant. In the reign
of George L the number was three daily,
six weekly, and ten published three times
in the week.
! In 1753 the number of copies of news-
I papers annually published in the whole ot
I England was 7,411,757; in 1760 the cir-
' culation had increased to 9,404,790; and in
! 1830 it amounted to 30,493,441.
Christmas^ the 25th of December every
year, is a merry time in England; friends
meet, who seldom see each other and good
cheer and smiling faces abound; and, for
days and weeks before and after new year's
day, friends and relations assemble at each
other's houses in many a pleasant family
group. Among the rich, gay parties are
formed; and among the poor, sons and
daughters trudge miles upon miles from
their places of service, in order to see their
aged parents. Roast beef and plum-pud-
ding is the old fashioned Christmas dinner,
and many people would scarcely think
Christmas was really come, if they did not
make mince pies for the occasion. Mince
pie is generally made of boiled beef, suet,
raisins, currants, and apples, chopped up
together with candied lemon peel, sugar,
nutmeg, cloves, and cinnamon. Some brandy
is poured in, and then the whole is baked
in a rich paste. Almost every one who
calls in, is asked to eat a mince pie, and
some people amuse themselves in telling
you that you will have just as many happy
months in the year, as you eat different
sorts of mince pie. At night all get round
the fire, the brown jug is filled to the very
brim, pipes and tobacco are laid on the
table, and many a tale is repeated that
has been told twenty years ago.
Twelfth day is the twelfth day after
Christmas day, and used to be kept as a
feast more than it is now. The custom of
making merry with twelfth cakes is derived