Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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iiito that transparent crystal we call glass,
than which nothing is more sparkling, more
brilliant, more full of lustre. It throws
about the rays of light as if it had life
and motion.
Henry. There is a glass-shop in Lon-
don, which always puts me in mind of Alad-
din's palace.
Father. It is certain tiiat, if a person
ignorant of the Manufacture were to see
one of our capital shops, he would think
all the treasures of Golconda were center-
ed there, and that every drop of cut glass
was worth a prince's ransom. — Again,
who would suppose, on seeing the green
stalks of a plant, that it could be formed
into a texture so smooth, so snowy-white,
so firm, and yet so flexible as to wrap
round the limbs and adapt itself to every
movement of the body? Who would guess
this fibrous stalk could be made to float in
such light undulating folds as in our lawns
and cambrics; not less fine, we presume,
than that transparent drapery which the
Romans called ventus textihs, woven wind.
Henry. I wonder how any body can
spin such fme thread.
Father. Their fingers must have a
touch of a spider, that, as Pope says,
'ii'eels at each thread, uud lives along the Ime;'
and indeed you recollect that Arachne was
a spinster. Lace is a still finer production
from flax, and is one of those in which the
original material is most improved. How
many times the price of a pound of flax do
you think that flax will be worth when
made into lace?
Henry. A great many times, I suppose.
Father. Flax at the best hand is bought
at fourteen-pence a pound. They make
lace at Valenciennes, in French Flanders,
of ten guineas a yard, I believe, indeed,
higher, but we will say ten guineas; this
yard of lace will weigh probably not more
than half an ounce; what is the value of
half an ounce of flax? reckon it.
Henry. It comes to one farthing and
three quarters of a farthing.
Farther, Right; now tell me how many
times the original value the lace is worth.
Henry. Prodigious! it is worth 5760
times as much as the flax it is made of.
Father. Yet there is another material
that is still more improveable than flax,
Henry. What can that be?
Father. Iron. The price of pig-iron
is ten shillings a hundred weight; this is
not quite one farthing for two ounces; now
you have seen some of the beautiful cut
steel that looks like diamonds.
Henry. Yes, 1 have seen buckles, and
pins, and watch-chains.
Father. Then you can form an idea of
it; but you have seen only the most com-
mon sorts. There was a chain made at
Woodstock, in Oxfordshire, and sent to
France, which weighed only two ounces,
and cost pound 170. Calculate how many
times that had increased its value.
Henry. Amazing! It was worth 163,600
times the value of the iron it was made of.
Father. That is what Manufactures
can do: here man is a kind of a creator,
and, like the great Creator, he may please
himself with his work, and say it is good.
In the last mentioned .Manufacture, too,
that of steel, the English have the honour
of excelling all the world.
Henry. Wbat are the chief Manufac-
tures of England?
Father. We have at present a greater
variety than I can pretend to enumerate;
but our staple Manufacture is woolen cloth.
England abounds in fine pastures and ex-
tensive downs, which feed great numbers
of sheep; hence our wool has always been
a valuable article of trade; but we did not
always know how to work it. We used to
sell it to the Flemings or Lombarbs, who
wrought it into cloth; till in the year 1326,
Edward tbe Third invited some Flemish
weavers over to teach us the art; but there
was not much made in England till the
reign of Henry the Seventh. Manchester
and Birmingham are towns which have ari-
sen to great consequence from small begin-
nings, almost within the memory of old
men now living; the first for cotton and
muslin goods, the second for cutlery and
hardware, in which we at this moment ex-
cel all Europe. Of late years, too, carpets,
beautiful as fme tapestry, have been fabri-
cated in this country. Our clocks and watch-
es are greatly esteemed. The earthen-
ware plates and dishes, which we all use
in common, and the elegant set for the tea-
table, ornamented with musical instruments,
which we admired in our visit yesterday,
belong to a very extensive manufactory,
the seat of which is at Burslem, in Stafford-
shire. The principal petteries there belong
to one person, an excellent chemist, and a
man of great taste; he, in conjunction with
another man of taste, who is since dead,
has made our clay more valuable than the
finest porcelain of Chine. He has moulded
it into all the forms of grace and beauty
that are to be met with in the precious
remains of the Greek and Etruscan artists.
In the more common articles he has pen-
ciled it with the most elegant designs,shap-