Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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to the common conveniences of life — the
loonri and the forge, particularly, are of the
highest antiquity.
Henry. Yes; I remember Hector bids
Andromache return to her apartment, and
employ herself in weaving with her maids;
and I remember the shield of AchiUes.
Father. True; and you Hkewise remem-
ber, in an earher period, the fme linen of
Egypt; and, to go still higher, the working
in brass and iron is recorded of Tubal
Gain before the flood.
Henry. Which is the most important,
Manufactures or Agriculture?
Father. Agriculture is the mostneees-
sary, because it is first of all necessary
that man should live: but almost all the
enjoyments and comforts of life are produ-
ced by Manufactures.
Henry. Why are we obhged to take
so much pains to make ourselves comfort-
able?
Father. To exercise our industry. Na-
ture provides the materials for man. She
pours out at his feet a profusion of gems,
metals, dyes, plants, ores, barks, stones,
gums, wax, marbles, woods, roots, skins,
earths, and minerals of all kinds! She has
likewise given him tools.
Henry. I did not know that Nature
gave us tools.
Father. No! what are those two instru-
ments you carry always about with you, so
strong and yet so flexible, so nicely jointed,
and branched out into five long, taper, une-
qual divisions, any of which may be con-
tracted or stretched out at pleasure; the
extremities of which have a feeling so
wonderfidly dehcate, and which are strength-
ened and defended by horn?
Henry. The hands?
Father. Yes. Man is as much superior
to the brutes in his outward form by means
of the hand, as he is in his mind by the
gifts of reason. The trunk of the elephant
oomes perhaps the nearest to it in its ex-
quisite feehng and flexibility (it is, indeed,
called his hand in Latin), and accordingly
that animal has always been reckoned the
wisest of brutes. When Nature gave man
the hand, she said to him, 'Exercise your
ingenuity and work.'
Henry. It must require a great deal of
knowledge, I suppose, for so many curious
works; — what kind of knowledge is most
necessary?
Father. There is not any which may
not be occasionally employed: but the two
sciences which most assist the manufacturer
are mechanics and chemistry. The one for
building mills, working of mines, and in
general for constructing wheels, wedges,
pullies, &c., either to shorten the labour of
man, by performing it in less time, or to
perform what the strength of man alone
could not accomplish: — the other in fu-
sing and working ores, in dyeing and bleach-
ing, and extracting the virtues of various
substances for particular uses; making of
soap, for instance, is a chemical operation;
and by chemistry an ingenious gentleman
found out a way of bleaching a piece of
cloth in eight-and-forty hours, which by the
common process would have taken up a
great many weeks. — You have heard of
Sir Richard Arkwright —
Henry. Yes, I have heard he was at
first only a barber, and shaved people for
a penny apiece.
Father. He did so; but having a strong
turn for mechanics, he invented, or at least
perfected, a machine, by which one pair of
hands may do the work of twenty or thirty;
and, as in this country every one is free to
rise by merit, he acquired the largest foi'-
tune in the country, had a great many hun-
dreds of workmen under his orders, and
had leave given him by the King to put
Sir before his name.
Henry. Did fhat do him any good?
Father. It pleased him, I suppose, or
he would not have accepted of it; and you
will allow, I imagine, that if titles are used,
it does honour to those who bestow them,
that they are given to such as have made
themselves noticed for something useful —
Arkwright used to say, that if he had time
to perfect his inventions, he would put a
fleece of wool into a box, and it should
come out broad cloth.
Henry. What did he mean by that?
was there any fairy in the box to turn it
into broad cloth with her wand?
Father. He was assisted by the only
fairies that ever had the power of trans-
udation, Art and Industry: he meant
that he would contrive so many machines,
wheel within wheel, that the combing, card-
ing, and various other operations, should
be performed by mechanism, almost with-
out the hand of men.
Henry. I think, if I had not been told,
I should never have been able to guess
that my coat came off the back of the
sheep.
Father. You hardly would; but there
are Manufactures in which the material is
much more changed than in woolen cloth.
What can be meaner in appearance than
sand and ashes? Would you imagine any
thing beautiful could be made out of such
a mixture? Yet the furnace transforms this