Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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m
was engaged to paint a picture , and hired
workmen, the one to draw the eyes, another
the nose, a third the mouth; the whole
must be the painter's own, that particular
painter's, and no other; and no one who
has not his ideas can do his work. His
work is therefore nobler, of a higher spe-
cies.
Henry. Pray give me an instance of a
manufacture.
Father. The making of watches is a
manufacture; the silver, iron, gold, or what-
ever else is used in it, are productions, the
material of the work; but it is by the won-
derful art of man that they are wrought
into the numberless wheels and springs of
which this complicated machine is composed.
Henry. Then is there not as much art
in making a watch as a picture? Does not
the head work?
Father. Certainly, in the origiiial in-
vention of watches, as much or more, than
in painting; but when once invented, the
art of watchmaking is capable of being re-
duced to a mere mechanical labour, which
may be exercised by any man of common
capacity, according to certain precise rules,
when made familiar to him by practice.
This, painting is not.
Henry. But, my dear father, making of
books surely requires a great deal ofthink-
ing and study; and yet I remember the
other day at dinner a gentleman said that
Mr. Pica had manufactured a large volume
in less than a fortnight.
Father. It was meant to convey a sa-
tirical remark on his book, because it was
compiled from other authors, from whom
he had taken a page in one place, and a '
page in another; so that it was not pro- |
duced by the labour of his brain, but of |
his hands. Thus you heard your mother |
complain that the London cream was manu- i
lactured, which was a pointed and concise '
way of saying that the cream, was not what |
it ought to be, nor what it pretended to
be; for cream, when genuine, is a pure pro-
duction; but when mixed up and adulterat-
ed with flour and isinglass, andlknownot
what, it becomes a Manufacture. It was
as much as to say, art has been here,
where it has no business; where it is not
beneficial, but hurtful. A great deal of
the delicacy ol language depends upon an
accurate knowledge of the specific meaning
of single terms, and a nice attention to
their relative propriety.
Henry. Have all nations manufactures?
Father. All that are in any degree
cultivated; but it very often happens that
countries naturally the poorest have manu-
factures of the greatest extent and va-
riety.
Henry, Why so?
Father. For the same reason, ! appre-
hend, that individuals, who are rich without
any labour of their own, are seldom so in-
dustrious and active as those who depend
upon their own exertions: thus tbe Spaniards,
who possess the richest gold and silver
mines in the world, are in w«mt of many
conveniencies of life which are enjoyed in
London and Amsterdam.
Henry. I can comprehend that; I be-
lieve if my uncle Ledger were to find a
gold mine under his warehouse, he would
soon shut up shop.
Father. I believe so. It is not, how-
ever, easy to estabhsh Manufactures in a
very poor nation; they require science and
I genius for their invention, art and contri-
vance for their execution; order, peace, and
union, for their flourishing; they require a
number of men to combine together in an
undertaking, and to prosecute it with the
most patient industry; they require, there-
fore, laws and government for their protec-
tion. If you sec extensive Manufactures in
any nation, you may be sure it is a civilized
nation; you may he sure property is ac-
curately ascertained and protected. They
! require great expenses for their first esta-
I blishment, costly machines for shortening
manual labour, and money and credit for
purchasing materials from distant countries.
There is not a single Manufacture of Great
Britain which does not require, in some
part or other of its process, productions
' from the different parts of the globe; oils,
I drugs, varnish, quicksilver, and the like; it
requires, therefore, ships, and a friendly
intercourse with foreign nations, to trans-
port commodities, and exchange productions.
We could not be a manufacturing, unless
we were also a commercial, nation. Ma-
nufactures require time to take root in any
place, and their excellence often depends
upon some nice and delicate circumstance;
a peculiar quality for instance, in the air,
or water, or some other local circumstance
not easily ascertained. Thus I have heard
that tho Irish women spin better than the
English, because the moister temperature
of their climate makes their skin more soft
and their fingers more flexible: thus again
wo cannot dye so beautiful a scar!et as the
French can, though with the same drugs,
perhaps on account of the superior quality
of their air. But though so much is ne-
cessary for the perfection of the more cu-
rious and complicated Manufactures, all
nations possess those which are subservient