Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•196
gine, a vast number of mines have been
"worked, both in copper and tin, which, with-
out it, must have been for ever useless.
The advantages of these machines, have by
no means, however, been confined to the
working of mines; they have been applied
to the turning of mills, to the navigating
of vessels, to the performance of all the
heavy work in large breweries, and to al-
most every manufactory where a great and
constant power is required. In a word,
their use is gradually extending all over
the world, and they will probably be em-
ployed for many purposes which are not
at present contemplated.
Mr. Watt was amiable in his manners
and conduct, in a very high degree. He
was unaffectedly and substantially modest,
so that no man felt the superiority of his
mind, but on reflecting, and on the conse-
quent suiprise at the vast extent of his
knowledge. He was truly generous and
considerate of the feelings of all around
him, and gave the most liberal assistance
to all young persons who shewed indica-
tions of talent, or applied to him for pa-
tronage or advice. When possessed of an
ample fortune, his manners were as unas-
suming as when he was labouring with the
difficulties of his vast enterprize. The suc-
cess of that enterprize will firmly establish
the fame of this great man with all suc-
ceeding generations; but to those to whom
he more immediately belonged, who lived
in his society, and enjoyed his conversation,
it is not, perhaps, in the character of the
mechanic, in which he will be most fre-
quently recalled, most deeply lamented, or
even most highly admired.
Mr. Watt died rather from the decay of
nature than from any particular disorder,
at his house at Heathfield near Birmingham,
on thfe 25th of August. 1819, in the 84th
year of his age. His funeral was attended
by an assemblage of men of genius, of
eminent learning and science, from various
and very remote parts, and many of them
of various pohtical parties and reUgious
persuasions. Such was the influence of his
mild character, and perfect fairness and
liberality, that he lived to disarm even envy,
and died, we fully believe, without a single
enemy.
152. ON MANUFACTURES.
Henry. My dear Father, you observed
the other day that we had a great many
manufactures in England, Pray what is a
Manufacture?
Father. A Manufacture is something
made by the hand of man. It is derived
from two Latin words manus, the hand,
and facere, to make. Manufactures are
therefore opposed to productions, which
latter are what the bounty of nature spon-
taneously affords us; as fruits, corn, marble.
Henry. But there is a great deal of
trouble with corn: you have often made
me take notice how much pains it costs,
the farmer to plough his ground, and put
the seed in the earth, and keep it clear
from weeds.
Father. Very true: but the farmer does
not make the corn; he only prepares for it
a proper soil and situation, and removes
every hindrance arising from the hardness
of the ground, or the neighbourhood of
other plants, which might obstruct the se-
cret and wonderful process of vegetation;
but with the vegetation itself he has no-
thing to do. It is not his hand that draws
out the slender fibres of the root, pushes
up the green stalk, and by degrees the
spiky ear; swells the grain, and embrowns
in with that rich tawny russet, which informs
the husbandman it is time to put in his
sickle: all this operation is performed with-
out his care or even knowledge.
Henry. Now then t understand; corn
is a Production, and bread a Manufacture.
Father. Bread is certainly, in strictness
of speech, a Manufacture; but we do not
in general apply the term to any thing in
which the original material is so httle
changed. If we wanted to speak of bread
philosophically, we should say, it is a pre-
paration of corn.
Henry. Is sugar a Manufacture?
Father. No, for the same reason. Be-
sides which, I do not recollect the term
being applied to any article of food; I
suppose from an idea that food is of too
perishable a nature, and generally obtained
by a process too simple to deserve the
name. We say, therefore, sugarworks, oil-
mills, chocolate-works; we do not say a
beor-manufactory, but a brewery; but this
is only a nicety of language, for properly
all those are manufactories, if there is much
of art and curiosity in the process.
Henry. Do we say a manufactory of
pictures?
Father. No; but for a different reason.
A picture, especially if it belong to any of
the higher kinds of painting, is an effort
of genius. A picture cannot be produced
by any given combinations of canvass and
colour. It is the hand, indeed, that exe-
cutes, but the head that works. Sir Joshua
Reynolds could not have gone, when he