Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•187
same purpose, namely, to preserve their
bodies from injury.
If you look upon a piece of coral you
will observe the holes in which these ani-
mals lived, and if you remove the other in-
crustation, you will find there little holes to
correspond with small cavities on its sur-
face, and a variety of little tubes become
visible. You will see, also, a multitude of
little glandular bodies. These produce a
milky kind of juice. This juice runs along
in furrows, and becomes hard and is turn-
ed into a sort of stony substance by the
chemical action of the salt water upon it,
and thus the coral grows. The most com-
mon of the coral zoophytes have arms,
which are scientifically called tentaculse,
which they move about with great activity
in order to catch food. Some of these co-
ral animals are slow in their motions; a
few of them are very quick and active.
Some are of a dark colour, others blue;
those of the Mediterranean are frequently
red, white, or vermillion, and in some
places they are of almost every shade.
(P. I'avley.)
14G. MINERALS.
There is perhaps no portion of the earth's
surface, of the same extent, which contains
so great a variety of those mineral sub-
stances which minister to the necessities
and comforts of life, as the island of Great
Britain; and it would almost seem, from its
internal structure, as if Providence had pre-
ordained that it should be the seat of an
opulent and powerful people, and one of
its chief instruments for the civilization and
advancement of the human race. That this
is no extravagant overstrained expression of
national vanity, may, we think, be very
easily made apparent, by a few reflections
on the vast advantages which the British
Empire itself, and, through it, the civiUzed
world have derived, from the circumstance
of our possessing an abundance of one
pai^ticular mineral under the surface of our
soil. The almost inexhaustible mines of
coal, which are found in so many different
parts of our island, have unquestionably
been one of the chief sources of our wealth,
and of our influence among the other na-
tions of Europe. All our great manufactur-
ing towns, — Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield,
Manchester, Glasgow, Paisley, are not only
situated in the immediate vicinity of coal,
but never would have existed without it.
If we had had no coal we should have lost
the greater part of the wealth we derive
from our metaUic ores, for they could
neither have been drawn from the depths
where they he concealed, nor, if found near
the surface, could they have been profit-
ably refined. Without coal the steam-en-
gine would probably have remained among
the apparatus of the natural philosopher:
not only did the fuel supply the means of
working the machine, but the demand for
artificial power, in order to raise that same
fuel from the bowels of the earth, more
immediately led to the practical application
of the great discovery made by Watt, while
repairing the philosophical instrument of
Dr. Black. Before the invention of the
steam-engine, the power required to move
machinery was confined to the impelling
force of running water, of wind, of animal
und human strength, — all too weak, un-
steady, irregular, and costly to admit of the
possibility of their extensive application.
But the steam-engine gave a giant power
to the human race, capable of being ap-
plied to every purpose, and in every situ-
ation where fuel can be found. Thus ma-
nufactures arose, and from the cheapness
with which labour could be commanded,
and the prodigious increase of work done
in the same space of time, their produce
was so reduced in price, as to bring luxu-
ries and comforts within the reach of thou-
sands who never tasted them before. New
tastes thus excited and increasing consump-
tion multiplied manufacturing establishments,
and their demands led to great manufac-
tures of machinery; competition led lo im-
provement in the steam-engine itself, and
thus, by the reciprocal action of improve-
ment and demand, our machinery and ma-
nufactures gradually acquired that high de-
gree of perfection to which they are now
arrived. With the improvemenf of the
steam-engine, came the wonderful applica-
tion of it to navigation, which has already,
in a few years, produced such extraordinary
results; and which, when combined with its
farther application to wheel carnages, must
at no great distance of time occasion a re-
volution in the whole state of society. Are
we not then fully justified in saying that these
great results, involving the future destinies
of the human race, may be traced to the dis-
covery of the beds of coal placed by nature
in our little island?
Next to coal our iron is the most im-
portant of our mineral treasures; and it is
a remarkable circumstance, that the ore of
that metal, which is so essential to the
wants of man that civilization has never
been known to exist without it, should in
Great Britain be placed in greatest abun-