Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•185
equal to the pleasantest time of the year in
England; then follow about eight hours,
during which a man does well to remain
in the house, but which, under such circum-
stances, are not too hot for comfort, or
any kind of mental exertion; and from four
to dark it is again about the temperature
of our summer evening. This is, indeed,
the best time of the year.
By the middle of April the weather be-
comes very hot. It is then often advisable,
on the failure of the north-westers, to shut
up all the windows about eight o'clock in
the morning, merely agitating the air within, j
By excluding all outward breezes, the tem-
perature may be kept at from 80 to 85 in-
stead of 100 degrees. Thus confined, it is, I
however, close and grave-like, but on going
to an open door or window it is literally
like approaching the mouth of one of the
blastfurnaces in Colebrook Dale.
(Keber's Tnivcls in India.)
144. THE BLACK HOLE OF CAJ.-
CUTTA.
The old suba, or viceroy, of Bengal, dy-
ing in the month of April, 1756, he was
succeeded by his son Sur Raja al Dowlat,
a young man of violent passions, without
principles or good faith. He early conceiv-
ed a design against the English settlements
in India, under a persuasion that they
abounded in treasure. In the month of
May he caused the British factory of Cas-
simbazar to be invented, and soon made
himself master of the place. This exploit
being achieved, he avowed his intention of
expelling the English from all their settle-
ments in India, and to prove he was in
earnest, marched at the head ol a numer-
ous army, and invested the place. The de-
fence of the settlement had been entrusted
to Mr. Ilolwell, a few gallant officers, and
a very feeble garrison. Notwithstanding all
the disadvantages under which he laboured,
he successfully resisted several attacks of
the onemy, but was ultimately obliged to
surrender. The suba promised, on the word
of a soldier, that no injury should be done
to him or his garrison; notwithstanding this
promise, however, Mr. Ilolwell and all his
companions, to the number of 146 persons
of both sexes, were, upon the suba's ob-
taining possesion of the town, all driven
into a prison, called the Black Hole, a cube
of about 18 feet, walled up to the eastward
and southward, the only quarters from which
they could expect the least refreshing air,
and open to the west with two windows.
strongly barred with iron, through which
there was no perceptible circulation. The
reader will conceive, with feehngs of horroi-,
the miserable situation to which such a
number of persons must have been reduced
when thus coped up during a sultry night,
and under such a climate as that of Cal-
cutta, especially when he recollects that se-
veral of these poor persons had just pre-
viously been wounded in battle, and that
all of them were fatigued with hard duty.
Transported with rage to find themselves
thus barbarously deceived, and enclosed in
a place w here suffocation, if not released,
must follow, these helpless victims of ty-
ranny endeavoured to force open the door,
that they might end their misery by rush-
ing on the swords of the barbarians by
whom they were guarded, and thereby put
an end to their suffering; but all their ef-
forts were ineffectual; the door was made
to open inward, and being once shut, the
crowd pressed upon it so strongly as to
render all their endeavours abortive. This
disappointment drove them to despair. Mr.
Holwell, who had placed himself at one
of the windows, accosted a jammantdaar,
or Serjeant of the Indian guard, and pro-
mised to gratify him with 1000 ruppees in
the morning, if he could find means to re-
move one - half of them into a separate
apartment. The soldier promised to do all
he could to meet Mr. IlolweU's request,
and retired for that purpose, but returned
in a few minutes, and told him that the
suba, by whose order alone it could be
done, was asleep, and no one dare disturb
his repose. By this time, a profuse per-
spiration had broken out on each individual,
and was attended with an insatiable thirst,
which became more and more intolerable,
as the body was drained of its moisture.
In vain these wretched beings stripped
themselves of their clothes, squatted down
on their hams, and fanned the air with their
hats, to produce a refreshing undulation.
Many were not able to rise again from theij-
sitting posture, but falling down, were trod
to death, or suffocated. The dreadful symp-
ton of thirst was now accompanied with a
difficulty of respiration, and every individual
gasped for breath. Their despair became
uncontrolable; again they attempted to force
the door, or to provoke the guard to fire
on them, so as to put a period to their
torment. The cry of water! water! issued
from every mouth; even the jemmentdaar
was moved to compassion at their distress
and suffering. He ordered his soldiers to
bring some skins of water, which served
only to enrage the appetite, and increase