Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•164
doors opening into the principal apart-
ments.
We shall not describe the state apart-
ments, we pass on to the Forest, which was
anciently of vast extent, but has for some
ages past been gradually narrowing its li-
mits. It is celebrated for its majestic and
ancient oak trees. The King's Oak is said
to be more than 1000 years old.
The Great Park, 21 miles in circum-
ference, southward of the castle, is exten-
sively stocked with fallow deer. The Little
or Home Park, about 4 miles in circuit, in-
cludes the beautiful lawns and slopes on
the north and east sides of the castle.
(G. Measom.)
129. EDINBURGH.
The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh.
This city is considered to be unequalled in
panoramic splendour by any capital city in
Europe. It consists of two parts, each
being situated on a hill. One part is called
the Old Town, and the other is called the
New Town. They are divided by a deep
narrow valley called the Loch; this was
formerly fdled with water, but it is now dry.
The Loch is crossed by bridges and
mounds of earth, which form communications
between the Old and New Towns. The
Old Town is built upon the summit and
sides of a long, steep ridge; and, with the
exception of two large streets, called the
Canongate and Gowgate, and several small-
er ones, it consists chiefly of narrow lanes,
or closes, as they are called, some of which
are not more than six feet wide. Most of
the houses are very old, and some of them
are twelve or even fourteen stories in height.
One common staircase leads to all the
stories, each of which is inhabited by a
separate family. People of wealth or rank
used to reside in the lower floors, while
the upper parts of the house were occupied
by the less opulent; the ground-floor being
generally used as a shop. But, latterly, the
Old Town has been almost entirely desert-
ed by the wealthier inhabitants, who have
fixed their residences in the New. The
plan of building houses in flats, each con-
taining a number of rooms sufficient to ac-
commodate a family, and having a common
staircase accessible to all, is very old, and
is to be found in Paris and other towns on
the continent. It is now about to be adopt-
ed in London, and several large houses
have recently been built on this plan.
On a craggy rock, three hundred and
eighty three feet above the level of the
sea, stands Edinburgh Castle, an ancient
and strong fortress, with a drawbridge on
the only accessible side. It is garrisoned
with soldiers, containing accommodation for
two thousand men, and room in the ar-
moury for thirty thousand stand of arms.
The principal battery is mounted with can-
non; and another contains the celebrated
piece of artillery called Möns Meg. In the
crown room are to be seen the ancient
Scotch Regalia, or Royal Crown, Sceptre
and Sword of State.
The view from the walls of this structure
is exceedingly fine. To the north, you can
see the Frith of P'orth; to the east, are
two gigantic rocks, almost overhanging the
town, one called Salisbury Crags, and the
other Arthur's Seat; and to the south and
west, is an undulating country of hills and
valleys, dotted with country-seats. Ame-
thysts, and other precious stones, are said
to be found among Sahsbury Crags, which
abounc with rich ores, spar, and numbers
of rock plants.
The New Town of Edinburgh is laid out
on a regular plan like a chess-board. The
houses are chiefly built of hewn stone, and
are very handsome.
It is a walk of two or three miles from
Edinburg to the top of Arthur's Seat; but
the magnificent prospect from its summit,
which is eight hundred and twenty-two feet
above the level of the sea, will repay the
labour of the ascent. The whole city of
Edinburgh seems to be near you; and the
Old Town, dingy with age, and veiled in
smoke, seems to lie at your very feet.
You can hear the rattling of the carts
in the streets, and catch the murmur of
voices that rise on the air. You can look
into the streets, see Nelson's monument,
watch the busy multitude, and almost peep
into the chimneys.
Such is the near view from Arthur's Seat.
The distant objects are more grand and
beautiful. To the north is the broad bay
of the Forth, stretching out and minghng
with the ocean. To the east are distant
mountains, and to the south and west a
prospect of endless variety.
It is hardly possible in any country to
find a spot more interesting than this. A
person may here sit on the rocks for hours
without fatigue, and muse over the busy
scenes exhibited by the city below, or look
with delight upon the objects of grandeur
and beauty that rise to view in the distance
from every side.
After the traveller has been to the top
of Arthur's Seat, he will find in his way
hack to the town an old ruin, called St.