Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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time to time caused to be added to the
original plan.
It has been supposed that the Britons,
before they were invaded by the Romans,
had erected something like a castle or
stronghold on the site of the present fort-
ress; and it has been said that on such a
foundation JuUus Caesar caused a more sub-
stantial and effective building to be con-
structed. But it would require little pains
to show that the Britons, living in a very
low state of civilisation, were unequal to
the task which some modern antiquarians
have assigned them. With respect to the
second supposition, a brief consideration
will be sufficient to convince us that the tra-
dition which ascribes the erection of a fort
on this spot to Caesar is destitute of pro-
bability. (Ch. Knight.)
Windsor Castle stands upon a high hill,
which rises from the town by a gentle as-
cent. From this commanding situation the
prospects are most extensive and beautiful.
The general appearance of the Castle is
very grand and magnificent. It looks worthy
of its high destiny, as having been the fa-
vourite residence of crowned Plantagenets,
Tudors, Stuarts, and now of the royal line
of Brunswick. Not thus did it present it-
self to the eye in the 11th century, when
William the Conqueror first reared his fort-
ress here, made for stern use, with small
regard to ornament or comfort. Not thus
did it appear to Henry I. when he kept his
bridal state at Windsor, nor to King
Stephen, the great castle builder, when that
of Windsor was the second in all the king-
dom for strength. More near was it to its
present state when the heroic Edward HI.
and his gallant sons, ond splendid chivalry,
kept their round table here.
The two principal courts or quadrangles
are divided by the majestic and ancient
Round Tower, called also the Keep or
Donjon Tower, which in bygone ages' stood
alone in massive grandeur, with wild hunt-
ing grounds closing it up on every side. It
was elevated on an artificial mound, sur-
rounded by a deep ditch — that ditch is
now a garden; but we stitl ascend the
mpund by 100 steps, at the top of which
is an arched gateway, and another ilight
of steps leading up to the chief apartments
and to the battlements, where the eye
ranges over no less than twelve counties.
A wonderful landscape it is; and if the day
be clear, we may discern St. Paul's Cathe-
dral, distant twenty-two miles. Among the
interesting memorabilia, the Donjon Tower,
as a state prison, has some touching re-
collections. Here was confined King John
of France, captured by Edward the Black
Prince at Poictiers, and King David of
Scotland, made prisoner by the army under
Queen Philippa, at the battle of Neville's
Cross. A few years later, James I., King
of Scotland, eleven years of age, being on
his way to France to complete his educa-
tion, was made prisoner by Henry IV., and
confined in Windsor Castle nineteen years.
It is an affecting story, how he adorned his
prison with bright thoughts, and loving sen-
timent, and pure sweet verse.
The next building of high historic inter-
est is St. George's Chapel. It was first
built by Edward HI. in honour of the Or-
der of the Garter that he founded, and
afterwards rebuilt by Edward IV., whose
tomb we now see in it, a beautiful work,
by Quintin Matsys, the blacksmith of Ant-
werp. It would be difficult to exaggerate
the. effect produced on the mind by the
contemplation of the interior of this build-
ing. The aspect of the whole is thrilling-
ly suggestive; the symmetrical proportions,
the admirably groined roof, where the he-
raldic insignia of many kings are richly em-
blazoned the long array in the choir of
stalls of Knights of the Garter, with ela-
borate carvings, escutcheons, banners, hel-
mets, and swords, the beautiful small cha-
pels in the aisles, with their interesting mo-
numents and memorials, and the ancient
stained glass windows, enchain us inresist-
ibly. Remembering, too, that this is a place
of royal sepulchre, we tread reverently. On
the south side of the choir rests in peace
the unhappy Henry VL, and near the ele-
venth 'stall in a vault lie Henry VIIL,
Queen Jane Seymour, and Charles L
The Terraces next demand our notice.
The north terrace was built by Queen Eli-
zabeth, and was after continued round the
east and part of the south fronts by Char-
les H,; thus forming a promenade nearly
2000 feet in length, faced with a rampart
of freestone, and commanding magnificent
Facing the grand approach to the interior
of the castle is an avenue of more than
three miles in length, called the Long
Walk, at the further extremity of which is
a fine equestrian statue of George HL, on
The Corridor, 250 feet in length, runs
along the south and east sides of the great
quadrangle. It is a fine indoor promenade,
with richly ornamented ceiling, and folding-