Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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cently been held the grand naval reviews
in the presence of the Queen.
In Portsea of course the great point is
the Dockyard, which is entered at the west
end of what is termed the Common Hard.
To enter into details — to describe, in
its proper place, each department — would
fdl a volume rather than a brief article;
but if you are curious, you may here see
every part of a man-of-war made, from the
smallest brass-headed nail to the enormous
mainmast; everything going on at the same
time, yet so methodically divided and ar-
ranged that no confusion occurs, no mudd-
ling arises. Without noise, without bustle,
every part of a ship is made, arranged, and
completely fitted within the walls of this
wonderful establishment.
The different portions of this establish-
ment are, indeed, very extensive. Near the
entrance-gate are the Port Admiral's house,
the Admiral Superintendent's house, the
Guard-house and Pay-office, and the Mast-
pond; while on the left are mast-houses,
store-houses, rigging-houses, and sail-lofts.
Farther north are the chapel, another range
of store-houses and the rope-house. Then
we come to the central part of the yard,
having a statue of William III., and around
ft various officers' houses, carvers' shops,
mould-lofts, saw-pits, and joiners' shops.
Westward of these, near the Avater's edge,
are a large, basin, two jetties, and seven
vast dry-docks for ships; and farther north,
we come to the building where may be
seen the exquisite block machinery, the
foundry, the blacksmith's shop, the boat-
houses, the boat-house pond, and the nu-
merous 'slips' where new ships are built.
Many of these buildings present scenes
and operations which, once witnessed, will
not soon be forgotten. In the mast-houses
we see the immensely long piece of timber
destined to be built in the form of a mast;
or in some, which are mast-storehouses, the
masts of the ships in ordinary are laid up,
each one carefully marked to indicate the
ship to which it belongs. The Victory's
masts, in particular, are carefully laid up in
one of the store-houses; and these, as well
as every bit and scrap of that old ship,
are carefully treasured; the whole assem-
blage of pieces belonging to the mainmast
of a first-rate being about 212 feet in
height. (G. Measora.l
127. DOVER.
Dover is situated on the coast, at the
opening of a deep valley formed hy a de-
pression in the chalk hills, which here pre-
sent a transverse section to the sea.
From its proximity to the continent, Dover
has for many years been the usual port for
passengers going both from and to Eng-
land. The castle, which is on the north-
ern side of the town, is supposed to have
been originally constructed by the Romans.
The southern heights of Dover were origin-
ally strongly fortified during the late war,
and extend in a semicircle as far as the
famous Shakspere's Cliff, so called from
the celebrated scene in 'King Lear.'
The town consists principally of one
street about a mile long, running in the di-
rection of the valley. The town is now con-
sidered a fashionable watering-place, and
possesses every convenience for sea-bathing.
The harbour is not very good, but it can
accommodate ships of 500 tons, and is prin-
cipally used for sailing and steam packets
to France.
The Castle stands on the most elevated
portion of a hill to the east of the town
and immediately above it, forming a con-
spicuous object, visible for miles around, and
for the last 1800 years has served as a
landmark to guide the mariner to the shores
of England. The hill itself, one of the long
chain of white cliffs which bound the south-
ern shores of England, rise nearly perpen-
dicularly from the sea to a height of more
than 300 feet; and, being divided from the
neighbouring hills by deep valleys on the
south-west and north-east, as well as by
abrupt declivities on nearly every part but
the west or north-west, which has a more
gentle declivity, it may be said to form a
bold promontory.
Dover Castle presents more evidences of
strength than elegance. The different por-
tions of this pile of buildings have been
erected at various times, and generally with-
out any regard to appearance: yet the ef-
fect from a distance is perhaps more im-
posing than if the strictest architectural pro-
portions and uniformity of style had been
observed; and even on a nearer view the
spectator cannot fail to admire the pictur-
esque character of the scene. Taking in
nearly the whole of the level part on the
summit of the hill, the castle walls enclose
an area of nearly 30 acres, on which towers
and keeps and walls of Roman, Saxon, and
Norman construction, are wildly mingled
with structures of more modern date, which
the exigencies of the garrison have from