Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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the townsmen. The mayor of the city and
sheriff of the county were prosecuted and
fmed on account of this riot; and, in com-
memoration of it, tlie mayor and 62 ofthe
townsmen were obliged to attend at St.
Mary's Church on every anniversary of the
day, and, after prayers, to pay each a
silver penny to the proctors of the Univer-
sity at the altar. This custom was kept
up until 1825, when the claim was relin-
quished. In the following reign (Richard II.)
Dr. John WicklifTe, the warden of Canter-
bury College, read at Oxford his lectures
on divinity, which occasioned a strong sen-
sation at the time, and afterwards produced
very important results. During the thir-
teenth and fourteenth centuries, seven en-
dowed colleges were founded at Oxford,
besides which there were more than 200
private halls, or hostelries, for the students.
Nevertheless, at the latter end of this pe-
riod, and subsequently, the number of stu-
dents greatly declined, and many of these
buildings were let for purposes very differ-
ent from their original destination. Under
the reigns of the York dynasty the Univer-
sity underwent a partial revival of prosper-
ity, although it did not perfectly recover
until the entire cessation of intestine and
foreign war under the pacific reign of
Henry VII. In that reign Krasmus repair-
ed to Oxford for the purpose of teaching
the Greek language, and had to encounter
many and strong prejudices, which existed
against the study in the minds of the great
body of the scholars and of several leading
!nen in the University. The former asso-
ciated themselves, under the name of'Tro-
jans,' against the new knowledge and its
teacher; and the latter delivered lectures
in the schools against Erasmus and his
flreek. The University prospered greatly
in the reign of Henry VHI. Tn the early
part of the reign, Cardinal Wolsey proved
himself a most munificent patron of the
University, and of learning in general. He
founded seven lectures for theology, civil
law, physic, philosophy, mathematies, Greek,
and rhetoric, and appointed as lecturers
men of high distinction in these several
branches of learning. The opposition to
Greek was subdued chiefly through his
exertions, and he in some measure succeed-
ed in introducing a taste for better and
more profitable things than those which
had, in former times, passed under the
name of learning. Concerning his founda-
tion of Christ-Church College we shall
have another occasion to speak. The Uni-
versity seems to have seasonably conciliated
the favour of Henrv VIH., who had, in a
way, a taste for learning, by pronouncing
an opinion favourable to his divorce from
Catherine of Arragon, and to his assump-
tion of the supremacy in the church; but
the acquiescence of the University in the
views of the king terminated, when it was
perceived that he designed to use his su-
premacy for purposes which had not been
originally foreseen.
Oxford suffered much, as a seat of learn-
ing, in the conflict of opinions and the al-
ternate ascendency of opposite parties,
which continued until the Protestant domin-
ation became firmly established under Eli-
zabeth. In the reign of that princess, the
obligation, on all who purposed to enter
into holy orders, of subscribing to the ar-
ticles of the Established Church was rigidly
enforced; and as many persons at the Uni-
versity were friendly to the puritanical doc-
trines, this circumstance formed the prin-
cipal source of disturbance to the quiet of
Oxford at that period. In the reign of
James I. the University first acquired the
privilege of sending two members to par-
liament; the doctrinal disputes of the for-
mer reign were continued, and operated
injuriously on the interests of actual learn-
ing. In the next reign Archbishop Laud,
who was Chancellor of the University, pro-
cured for it, from the king, a new charter,
by which its former privileges were ex-
plained an<l confirmed, and new ones added;
and the statutes of the University, after
having been revised and enlarged under
the authority of the heads of colleges, re-
ceived the royal sanction. These and other
favours Oxford subsequently repaid by the
most devoted and attached loyalty to the
king during the civil war, and by great but
useless sacrifices in his cause. In conse-
quence of this, many of the heads of houses
and professors were expelled by the com-
missioners afterwards appointed by parlia-
ment 'to reform the discipline and correct
the doctrines' of the University, and Pres-
byterians and Independents were appointe<l
in their places. On the restoration of
Charles IL, the intruders were, in their
turn, compelled to give place to those
whom they had superseded, or to others
of similar principles. The principal event
in the history of Oxford, during the reign
of James IL, was its steady resistance of
an attempted infraction of its privileges.
The presidency of Magdalen College be-
coming vacant soon after this prince as-
cended the throne, he sent to the Fellows
an order directing them to elect one Far-
mer, a Roman Catholic, of low character.
The Fellows, however, neglected the man-