Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
Bekijk als:      
Scan: Afbeeldinggrootte:
   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Vorige scan Volgende scanScanned page
•Ai\ exceedingly low ebb about this period,
although the number of students who re-
sorted lo Oxford increased so much, that
the convents were unable to accommodate
them, and therefore they lodged in inns or
liostelries, the number of which is said to
have amounted to two hundred. Tliey ap-
pear to have resided in these houses under
the control of wardens, who preserved or-
der among them, and directed the course
of their studies, Richard I. exerted him-
self considerably in the promotion of edu-
cation througliout the kingdom, and as Ox-
ford was the place of his birth, it shared
largely in his favours: he erected several
new scliools at his own expense; and early
in the following reign Oxford had attained
to such a prosperous state, that the num-
ber of students amounted to three thousand.
But this nourishing state of thiiigs un-
derwent a serious interruption in 1209,
when, in consequence of some unhappy dis-
putes between the students and the towns-
men , the former not only forsook the place
for other seats of learning, but obtained
from the Pope an interdict against the
town, and against all persons who should
settle in it for the purposes of teaching.
These measures effectually humbled the in-
habitants, who appeared as suppliants be-
fore the Pope's legate: absolution was
granted them on conditions highly favour-
able to the scholars, who tlien returned to
Oxford. In the year 1229 a transaction of
a very similar description happened at Pa-
ris; and when, according to the precedent
which had been given a few years before,
the teachers and scholars withdrew from
the city, the king of England (Henry III.)
invited them to settle at Oxford. About
a thousand accepted the invifation; and
they are said to have introduced a course
of conduct and a disposition to interference
in political affairs, which reminds one of
the 'London 'Prentices' of a subsequent
period, and the scholars in some of the
Gei'man universities at the present day.
The histoi'y of the University is in conse-
quence full of broils, chiefly between the
students and townsmen, instances of which
it is only necessary to mention when pro-
ductive of any important result. The reign
of Henry III. forms an important era in
the annals of Oxford; in its beginning se-
veral important privileges had been ac-
quired, and towards its close a taste arose
for building and endowing colleges, so that
in this reign the establishments now com-
bined under the name of University may
he considered to have taken something of
the form they at present bear. University
College was founded, or, as some say, re-
stored, by William of Durham, Rector of
Bishop-Wearmouth, in the year 1232; and
it is regarded as the most ancient of the
collegiate establishments, although Baliol
College appears to have been the flrst that
was regularly endowed, and Merton College
the first on which a charter of incorpora-
tion was bestowed. The ultimate exten-
sion of such endowments gradually with-
drew the students from that connexion
with the town's-people, which had been
productive of so many broils between them.
Towards the latter end of Henry's reign,
the existence of the university was threat-
ened by a violent schism, which divided
its members into two factions, that of the
north and that of the south, according to
the part of England of which they happen-
ed to be natives. The more quiet members
of both Oxford and Cambridge wei'e tired
out by such intestine broils, and in 1200
they seceded from their respective univer-
sities, and formed a new seminary at Nort-
hampton, by the king's permission; but
they were a few years afterwards ordered
to break up their establishment and return
to the places from which they had with-
Edward H. granted many additional pri-
vileges to the University; but the peace of
the institution was grievously disturbed
during this reign by the claim of the
preaching friars to confer degrees independ-
ently of the University; this claim occa-
sioned a violent contest between the par-
ties, which terminated in favour of the
University. In the same reign lectures on
the Hebrew language were first instituted.
The original lecturer, John de Bristol, a
converted Jew, was a man of imusual sci-
ence and erudition for that age, and his
lectures were received with much approba-
Edward IIL, who had been educated at
Oxford, was a great friend to the Univer-
sity. He was very liberal in his grants,
and while he extended the authority of
the superior officers, he gave increased
consequence and security to the scholars.
He took strong measures to root out the
animosity between the factions of the north
and south: to what extent this was effected
we do not know, but the University soon
betook itself to the doctrinal question be-
tween the 'Nominalists' and 'Realists,' and
warmly embarked in the dispute between
the respective champions — Duns Scotus,
the 'Subtle,' and Ockham, the 'Invincible
Doctor.' In this reign (February 10, 1354)
63 students were killed in a quarrel with