Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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inner streets are rather narrow, and, in
many of them, the houses are much crowd-
ed together. Speaking of the houses gener-
ally, it may be said that those occupied
by traders are in general constructed with
fragile materials, and frequently built in
an irregular and incommodious manner.
The houses that were erected as lodgings
for the students before residence in the
colleges became general, or to accommo-
date the nobility and gentry during the
occasional residence of the court at Ox-
ford , are still numerous, and are generally
extensive buildings of stone. The build-
ings of comparatively recent periods are
now numerous, and are usually sohd and
commodious. We cannot more properly
charaterise the present state of the city
than in the words of the Boundary Report:
— 'In the city (as viewed apart from the
University), new streets, elegant houses, —
in rows and detached, — a new suburb,
and several hundred smaller tenements,
have been erected within the last ten years,
and an active building speculation is going
on at this present time (November, 1831).
As a town, Oxford must be considered very
flourishing: its municipal arrangements are
excellent; — it is maintained in perfect
condition, lighted with gas, well paved and
cleansed, and is a place of great thorough-
fare; it has also the advantage of canal
navigation, by which it is supplied with
coal and all the more bulky articles of
domestic consumption.' Through the means
of the Thames and Oxford Canal, the town
enjoys a considerable share of commerce,
and wharfs and quays have been erected,
and other accommodations provided for
carrying on the inland trade.
The city of Oxford is divided into thir-
teen parishes, each of which is provided
with its proper church. Of these churches
that of St. Peter's in the East is the most
ancient. It is said to have been partly
built by a St. Grimbald, in the ninth cen-
tury, and Wood says it was 'the first
church built of stone that appeared in these
parts.' It has undergone many changes
and alterations; but much of the ancient
work still remains in what are called Saxon
ornaments, and it has one of the finest
and most perfect crypts in England, the
arches of which are supported by four
ranges of low Saxon columns. This was
formerly the university church. The pre-
sent cathedral was, at its first foundation,
the conventual church of a nunnery, and is
said to have been founded, in the eighth
century, by Didan, a Saxon nobleman, the
father of St. Frideswide, the first abbess
to whom the church was dedicated. It
afterwards became the chapel of Cardinal
Wolsey's College of Christ Church, and it
was finally made, by Henry VHI, the ca-
thedral of the new bishopric of Oxford.
Dugdale and others assign the foundation
of the existing structure to the reign of
Henry I.; and it affords examples of the
different styles of architecture which pre-
vailed from that period until the commen-
cement of the sixteenth century. It has
the form of a cross, with a square tower
surmounted by a spire steeple, rising in
the centre. The choir is ornamented with
a Gothic roof of splendid tracery work;
and the dormitory, on the north of the
choir, contains several ancient monuments,
the most remarkable of which is a shrine_,
supposed to be that of St. Frideswide, de-
corated wilh tabernacle work, and exhibit-
ing a rich specimen of the latest pointed
style. This part also contains the monu-
ment of Burton, the author of the 'Ana-
tomy of Melancholy,' who was a member
of the college; it bears his bust, with a
calculation of his nativity, and a short La-
tin inscription, written by himself, part of
which is 'Hie jacet Democritus Junior.'
There is also a fine statue, executed by
Chantrey, of Dr. Cyril Jackson, Dean of
Christ Church, who died in 1819. Several
other churches, which would be considered
interesting and remarkable in any other
city, must be passed over in a cursory ac-
count of a town in which so many public
structures demand notice. At present, we
shall briefly notice the buildings which pro-
perly belong to the city, reserving an ac-
count of those which appertain to the Uni-
versity for a subsequent part of this article.
The Town-hall is an elegant stone struc-
ture, with a rustic basement, above which,
in the centre, is a handsome pediment.
It was erected about the middle of the last
century, principally at the expense of
Thomas Romney, Esq., formerly high stew-
ard, and representative of the city in par-
liament. The City Bridewell was built in
1789, instead of the old prison called 'Bo-
cardo/ over one of the city gates, which
was taken down in 1771. The spacious
and substantial County Gaol occupies a
part of the site of the ancient castle. It
comprises eleven wards, with other accom-
modation for the prisoners; and two tread-
mills are employed in grinding corn and
raising water for the use of the estabhsh-
ment. On the north side of the High
Street there is a very commodious Market-
place, the entrances to which are secured
by iron gates, while the houses in front are