Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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116. THE TOWER OF LONDON.
The Tower of London is a large col-
lection of fortified buildings surrounded by
a moat or ditch, containing several streets,
and covering upwards of twelve acres of
land. It was begun by William the Con-
(jueror in the eleventh century, and was
used as a royal palace, tiU the reign of
Queen Elizabeth. It was also used, as it
still is, for a state-prison; and it was here
that the unfortunate Lady Jane Grey was
confined and executed. I shall notice a few
of the most important buildings.
The White Tower, which is the most
important part of the edifice, is a large
square building in the centre of the for-
tress. On the top there is a watch tower
at each corner, one of these was used as
an observatory before that at Greenwich
was erected, and it still retains the name.
This tower contains, in different apartments,
varions sorts of arms, and the models of
such warhke engines as are presented to
Government. On the top is a large cistern,
which is filled by a water-engine from the
Thames, to supply the garrison with water.
The Sea Armoury which is in this tower
is furnished with arms for nearly fifty thou-
sand sailors and marines. Ah! well may
you look surprised! The Grand Store-house
was, before its complete destruction by fire,
in 1841, a large, handsome, brick building
of the time of WiUiam III. The ground
floor formerly contained part of the royal
train of artillery, among which was one of
the earliest invented cannon, formed of bars
of iron hammered together and bound with
iron hoops. This cannon was moved, not
on a carriage, but by six rings convenient-
ly placed for that purpose. What a dif-
ference between this and the cannon now
used! This room was used as a store-room
for small arms ready packed to be sent off
anywhere on the shortest notice. Above
this was the Small Armoury, reckoned one
of the finest rooms of its kind in Europe.
It contained arms sufficient for one hun-
dred and fifty thousand men, all arranged
in the most beautiful order. Many people
think that the fire, which consumed the
Grand Store-House, destroyed all the ar-
mouries and the antiquities they contained,
but this was not the case, for some were
preserved in the White Tower, and some
in the Horse Armoury.
The Horse Armoury is a modern edifice,
built against the southern side of the White
Tower. It contains a curious collection of
suits of armour from the time of Edward I.
to that of James IL, arranged in chrono-
logical order. In the Spanish Armoury
there is a collection of weapons and in-
struments of torture, conjectured to have
been found among the spoils of the Spanish
Armada. There is also the axe with which
the ill - fated Ann Boleyn and Jane Grey
were beheaded.
In the Jewel Office are exhibited, among
other valuable articles, — 1. The crown
used at the coronation, which was made
for George IV., and contains, among a pro-
fusion of precious stones, a sapphire above
two inches long and one broad, and a ruby
that was worn by the Black Prince and
Henry V. at the battles of Cressy and
Agincourt. — 2. The crown of state so
called, because it is worn by the king when
he goes in state to the House of Lords.
It was made for King Charles H., and
is distinguished by an emerald seven inches
in circumference, and valued at one hun-
dred thousand pounds, and a pearl said to
be the finest in the world, besides other valu-
able stones.— 3. The crowns of the Queen
and the Prince of Wales. — The sceptres
of the king and Queen.—5. A golden globe
ornamented with precious stones, which
the king holds in his right hand before the
coronation, and in his left hand after that
ceremony, having the sceptre in his right.
Besides these, there are the golden eagle,
containing the oil with which the king is
anointed; the golden spurs; a silver font
used at the christenings of the royal fa-
mily; the salt cellar of state, which is a
model in gold of the White Tower; and a
number of other articles of value, all of
which, on account of their costly nature,
are only permitted to be seen through a
hght iron railing. Altogether, reckoning
some of the gems whose value is not esti-
mated with exactness, the amount of the
jewels and plate contained in this office,
cannot be less than three milhons of poimds
sterling. (P. Parley.)
117. THE LONDON POST OFFICE.
I have seen many a Post Office, but I
never saw one hke that in London. You
would take it at first sight for a palace;
and after you were told that it was a Post
Office, you would wonder why it was made
of such an extraordinary size. The prin-
cipal front of this edifice is four hundred
feet long; and when I stood by the lofty
columns under the portico, I felt as though
I was nobody.
One of the fronts has one hundred and
eighty windows. Think of that — one