Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•142
streets, lanes, and courts, and about a quar-
ter of a million of houses. The river Thames
runs through it, and is crossed by several
handsome bridges. These are seven in
number, connecting the Middlesex portion
of the metropolis with that on the Surrey
side; of these, three are toll free, and four
are subject to a small impost. The free
bridges are London, Blackfriars, and West-
minster; the others are Southwark, Water-
loo, Hungerford, and Vauxhall. In the
eastern part of the city the merchants trans-
act their business; and in the western part
the rich people and the nobility and gentry
have their dwellings.
The streets are crowded, not only with
people, but with carriages, omnibuses, and
vehicles of every description; and you would
at first imagine that some great occasion
had drawn everybody out of their houses;
but day after day you would observe the
same busy multitude passing and repassing
like so many bees.
In ancient times, London was not nearly
so large as it now is. The houses were,
in genei'al, badly built, and constructed of
wood and plaster; and the streets were
mean and narrow. There were not want-
ing, however, several very handsome build-
ings, both public and private; among the
former, the old cathedral of St. Paul held
the pre-eminence; its steeple is said to have
been five hundred and twenty feet high.
But in the reign of Charles 11., a dread-
ful plague, which swept away one hundred
thousand persons, was followed by a fire
which destroyed almost all the city, con-
suming four hundred streets, thirteen thou-
sand houses, eightv-nine churches, including
St. Paul's Cathedral, the Guildhall, the
Royal Exchange, and many otlier buildings.
In rebuilding, the city was much improved;
the streets were widened, and the houses
constructed with brick instead of wood and
plaster.
One of the first places that I visited was
St. Paul's Cathedral, which was rebuilt by
Sir Christopher Wren after the great fire";
the first stone was laid on the 21st of June,
1075, by the architect himself, who lived
to see it completed, although it took thirty-
five years in building; the top stone being
laid by the architect's son, in 1710. It is
a magnificent structure, and, with the ex-
ception of St. Peter's at Rome, the grand-
est cathedral in the world. Within it, are
several fine statues in commemoration of
generals, statesmen , and other celebrated
persons who are buried there. Inside the
dome is a curious gallery, called the whis-
pering gallery. If a person at one end of
this gallery puts his mouth against the wall
and whispers ever so faintly, any one at
the other end will hear him distinctly. The
highest part of the building is about three
hundred and seventy feet from the ground;
and a fine view of London may be obtain-
ed from it; but the people, houses, car-
riages, and other objects, being seen from
such a height, look exceedingly small, and
have a curious effect. Another building
which I visited, would, I think, interest you
even more than St. Paul's. I mean West-
minster Abbey, which is a very ancient
building. On its site originally stood a
Christian church, built by Sebert, king of
Essex, in 610, A.D., but afterwards destroyed
by the Danes. The Abbey, as such, was
founded by Edw^ard the Confessor, who, in
1041, restored the Saxon line of the kings
of England; it was afterwards rebuilt by
Henry HI. and enlarged by his successors.
It was also repaired, and two of its towers
were built by Sir Christopher Wren. One
part ofthe abbey is called the Poet's Cor-
ner; and there are buried some of the
most celebrated poets that England has
produced. There I saw the names of Chau-
cer, Spenser, Shakspeare, Milton, and many
others; and there are many beautiful mo-
numents in marble erected to their memory.
The chief curiosities of Westminster Ab-
bey are the chapels at the eastern end of
the church, with their tombs. One of these,
which stands behind the altar, is dedicated
to Edward the Confessor. Here is to be
seen his tomb, which was built by Henry HI.,
and which contains the ashes of the Con-
fessor. In this chapel, also, are the tombs
of several kings and queens of England.
The helmet of Henry V. is preserved, with
the saddle on which he rode at the battle
of Agincourt; stripped of everything, how-
ever, but the wood and iron. At the eastern
extremity of the church, and opening up
to it, is the famous chapel of Henry VIL,
one of the finest specimens of Gothic ar-
chitecture in the world. It was built at an
enormous expense, and Henry's tomb alone
cost ten thousand pounds, a sum equal to
two hundred thousand pounds of our money.
The mosaic pavement of the choir is an
object of great beauty. It was made by
Archbishop Ware, and is formed of a great
many pieces of jasper, alabaster, porphyry,
lapis lazuli, serpentine marble, and touch-
stone, varying in size from half an inch to
four inches. You may suppose this work
cost great labour and patience. Now I
will tell you about its size. The abbey
from east to west, including Henry the
Seventh's Chapel, is three hundred and se-