Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•141
ment were once fairly adjusted, it would
probably rise to first-rate importance. Two
centuries have passed since these islands
were first discovered by the Dutch; but
little was known of the natives till the voy-
ages of Captain Cook. They were fierce,
warlike, cannibal tribes, whom Europeans
cared not to meddle with. In 1837, how-
ever, a New Zealand Company was formed,
and land bought from the chiefs. The
mother-country has since provided means
of protection and government for the co-
lonists.
At the Cape of Good llope. Sierra Leone,
Cape Coast, and other parts of Africa, Bri-
tain possesses upwards of 200,000 square
miles, with a population of 400,000. Cape
Colony, taken from the Dutch in 1806, has
been a thriving settlement, and the recent
colony at Port Natal gave high promise;
but a recent war with the Caffres has been
productive of much injury. The Mauritius,
and some minor islands in the Indian Ocean;
the rocky islets of St. Helena and Ascension,
in the Atlantic; and Fernando Po, in the
Gulf of Guinea, complete the sum of Brit-
ish possessions connected with Africa.
Their principal products are ivory, gold,
hides, horns, sugar, coffee, palm-oil, teak-
wood, aloes, and articles of minor import-
ance.
Other less exensive colonies and depend-
encies of Great Britain are the Ionian
Islands, the isles of Malta and Gozzo, and
the town and fortress of Gibraltar, in the
Mediterranean; the islet of Helgoland, in
the German Ocean; the peninsula of Aden,
on the south coast of Arabia; the islet of
Hong-Kong, at the mouth of the Canton
River, in China; Labuan, off the coast of
Borneo; and the Falkland Islands, in the
South Atlantic,
The laws and judicial usages of England
are extended to the chief colonial posses-
sions, along with all the rights and privi-
leges which are common to British subjects.
Hence the inhabitants of the most distant
part of the empire, whatever be their ori-
gin, rank, or colour, are entitled by the
constitution to enjoy the same degree of
civil and religious hberty, and the same
careful protection of life and property as
their fellow-subjects in the mother-country.
This is an invaluable boon, for in no nation
do the people practically enjoy greater ra-
tional liberty of speech or action, and in
none is the press more free. In India, the
natives are subject to their own laws, and
in this privilege they are carefully protect-
ed by the British authorities. Uninterrupt-
ed, Hkewise, in the exercise of their own
peculiar religious usages, sheltered from the
oppression of native chiefs, and instructed
at schools which have been recently plant-
ed amongst them, the inhabitants of India
are really more happy and prosperous under
a foreign rule than they were under the
dominion of the former sovereigns of the
country.
According to the constitution, wherever
Britain establishes her civil authority, there
also is established the Protestant Espiscopa-
lian form of church government and wor-
ship , except in cases where provision to the
contrary has been made by terms of capi-
tulation. Practically, however, there is per-
fect freedom in the exercise of religious
belief and worship in all parts of the empire.
In Lower Canada and Malta, Roman Ca-
tholicism; in Hindostan, Brahminism and
Mohammedanism; and in Ceylon, the reh-
gion of Buddha, prevail. The Protestant
Presbyterian form of church government
and worship, similar to that of Scotland,
predominates in the Cape of Good Hope,
according to agreement with the former
Dutch occupants. In all the colonial pos-
sessions, much is done by means of mission-
aries, to introduce a knowledge of Christian-
ity among the natives.
The English language now predominates
over the whole United Kingdom, with the
exception of a portion of the Highlands of
Scotland, part of Ireland, part of the Isle
of Man, and Wales; but in all these places
it is gradually superseding the native Celtic
dialects. It has been extended, by means
of numerous dependencies abroad, over
nearly the whole of North America and the
West India Islands; also the Australian con-
tinent and islands, the Cape of Good Hope,
part of Hindostan and Ceylon, and various
other places, including several islands in
the Pacific. This diffusion of the English
tongue, and with it the Christian religion,
as well as Enghsh literature and habits of
thought, over so large a portion of the
earth's surface, is perhaps the most extraor-
dinary fact connected with the history of
modern civilisation. (Chambers.)
115. LONDON.
London is the largest city in Europe,
and the richest in the world. It contains
two millions and a half of inhabitants, and
is about thirty miles in circumference. Its
general form is oval. There are from twelve
thousand to thirteen thousand squares^