Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•140
which tliey knew was coming. Happily
this arrived before it was too late. Ge-
neral Havelock was joined by Sir James
Outram with fresh troops; and these two
brave men then immediately advanced, and
after desperate fighting, and with terrible
loss, led their troops into the Residency
of Lucknow (Sept. 25), where they found
its defenders reduced to the last extremity.
Even then it was impossible to withdraw
the garrison, incumbered as it was with
numerous sick and wounded, besides sever-
al hundred women and children, in the
face of an enemy so many times superior
in numbers: they therefore joined their
forces to those of the garrison, and after
repairing and extending the fortifications
of the place, remained on the defensive.
At this time the troops which had been
sent from England began to arrive. Sir
Colin Campbell, who had been appointed
to the command, reached Cawnpore in No-
vember, and by a series of most skilful
operations and brilliant victories broke
through the lines of the besiegers, and
finally rescued the brave defenders of the
Residency with all the women and children,
and brought them off in perfect safety,
after a siege of no less than five months'
duration. Not many days after this happy
deliverance the brave General Havelock
died from the exhaustion consequent on his
long exertions and anxieties. With liis
name must be mentioned those of Niel,
Nicholson, and many other heroes whose
loss their country had to deplore during
this disastrous struggle. Sir Colin Camp-
bell's flood of good fortune did not desert
him. He rapidly followed up his great suc-
cess, defeating and dispersing fhe mutineers
on every side, taking their towns, and
reducing them to a mere mass of fugi-
tives.
Thus, by the firm attitude assumed by
the British in India, surprised and outnum-
bered as they were, and placed in a posi-
tion of unexampled peril, by the prompt
and powerful support sent out from home,
and by tlie distinguished talent and valour
of their commanders, and of many other
most able men in every rank and of all
conditions, the most formidable mihtary
revolt that has ever been known was
crushed into mere fragments in less than
a year. It is likewise to be observed that
throughout tlie whole of the critical period,
neither the mass of the population of India
nor the princes of the country have shown
any sympathy the with mutineers. The in-
surrection was moreover confined to the
Bengal Presidency, the Madras and Bom-
bay troops having, with few exceptions,
proved trustworthy.
A most important change in the govern-
ment of India, of which the necessity had
long been foreseen, has been accelerated
by the events which have been now related.
The great East India Company was abohshed,
and its vast empire transferred to the direct
dominion of the Crown, Sept. 1, 1858.
In Australasia, the British settlements
are those of New Soutli Wales, of which
that of Sydney, on the south shore of Port
Jackson, was established in 1788; Western
Australia or Swan River, of which the ca-
pital is Perth, in 1829; South Australia, of
which Adelaide is the capital; and Port Phi-
lip, or Victoria, of which Melbourne is the
capital, established in 1837. North Austra-
lia was colonised in 1838, and Australind.
on the western coast, about eighty miles
south of Swan River, was settled in 1841.
The Colonisation of this part of the world
began by the practice of depositing crimi-
nals on the coast of Australia, after the
American war of independence put a stop
to their being transported to the planta-
tions of the New World. One spot, from
the profusion of flowers found on it, was
called Botany Bay, long used as a penal
settlement; and thus the town of Port Jack-
son or Sydney had its origin. But the ad-
vantages of the place tempted free emi-
grants to settle in it, and Van Diemen's
Land became the penal settlement instead
of New South Wales. Many of the inha-
bitants of Sydney removed to other parts
of the coast, and were joined by new emi-
grants. Thus arose the settlement of Port
Philip, at the southern extremity; of Swan
River, far to the west; and Adelaide, with
many smaller ones between them. StiU
more recently, Port Essington became the
nucleus of settlements in the north, but
they have not succeeded like the rest. The
staple productions have hitherto been the
wool, tallow, and hides of the numerous
flocks of sheep fed on the natural pasture.
But the recent discovery of gold is likely
to change the aspect of affairs. The ad-
jacent island of Van Diemen's Land (which
contains 24,000 square miles, or somewhat
less than Ireland) is the seat of another
British colony, planted in 1824, and is al-
together a thriving settlement — being more
hilly and better watered than Australia.
Its principal towns are Hobart-Town, the
capital, and Launceston. New Zealand,
composed of three contiguous Islands, rang-
ing from 1100 miles in length, with a breadth
varying from 5 to 200, is also the seat of
a British colony; and if its internal manage-