Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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geographical position, yiekl every species
of tropical produce, as sugar, coffee, tea,
rice, silk, cotton, hardwoods, ivory, spices,
fruits, drugs, dye-stuffs, and other similar
commodities. Goods to the value of more
than eight millions sterling are annually ex-
ported from Britain to the East Indies;
while goods to the value of more than four-
teen millions are imported from the East
Indies to Britain.
In 1857 a most formidable insurrection
broke out in the Indian army. For many
years the East India Company had main-
tained a large force of native troops under
British officers and armed and disciplined
in the European manner. These Sepoys,
as they were called, were a fine body of
men, and had done excellent service in
many wars; and notwithstanding several in-
stances of insubordination, very great con-
fidence was placed in them generally.
The cause of the outbreak is even now
scarcely certain. Some strange, unfounded
suspicion of an attempt about to be made
by the British authorities for their forcible
conversion to Christianity seems to have
found its way into the minds of the Sepoys,
both Mahomedan and Hindoo. This alarm
was founded, or pretended to be founded,
on the issue of new cartridges, adapted to
the improved fire-arms now used by all our
infantry, and which it was supposed were
greased with the fat either of the cow,
which is a sacred animal with the Brah-
mins, the highest caste of Hindoos, or of
swine, which are an abomination to the Ma-
homedans, as to the Jews.
The first very serious outbreak of this
mutiny took place early in May, at Meerut,
a military station about thirty miles to the
north of Delhi. The insurgents murdered
their officers and their families, and march-
ed to Delhi, where they were joined by
the garrison, consisting entirely of native
regiments, and the atrocities committed at
Meerut were here repeated. They also took
the nominal king of Delhi, the hneal des-
cendant of the Mogul sovereigns, a feeble
old man, who was then living in that magni-
ficent capital a pensioner of the East India
Company, and proclaimed him Emperor of
India.
Throughout the vast plain of the Ganges
the native regiments mutinied one after
another, till the great Bengal army abso-
lutely ceased to exist. In some stations the
British officers were sufficiently forewarned
to enable them to escape: in others they
were ruthlessly murdered with their wives
and children, by the troops they had lately
commanded. Those who escaped either
took refuge in a few hastily fortified places,
or joined the only force still able to keep
the field for the British government. This
force, though far outnumbered by the train-
ed soldiers composing the rebel garrison
of Delhi, was yet boldly posted in the at-
titude of a besieging army in front of that
great capital, and held its ground till joined
by reinforcements of both British troops
and Sikh auxiliaries, whom Sir John Law-
rence, governor of the Punjaub, had des-
patched to its succour. This little army,
thus strengthened, assaulted and took Delhi,
capturing the king and his family, on the
20th of September, before a single soldier
from England had arrived on the scene of
action.
In the mean time, at Cawnpore on the
Ganges, and at Lucknow, the capital of
Oude — a turbulent district, which had
been annexed only the year before to the
East India Company's dominions — parties
of English were surrounded by the insur-
gents. At both places a large number of
women and children had taken refuge. At
Cawnpore the means of defence were soon
exhausted, and the garrison was reduced
to the greatest distress. A native chief,
Nana Sahib, in whom the British thought
that they had reason to place confidence,
had taken command of the besiegers. To
this traitor General Wheeler, the command-
ing officer in Cawnpore, in an evil hour
capitulated, under a solemn pledge of safe
conveyance by water to Allahabad. On the
faith of this agreement, men, women, and
children all gladly went on board the boats
provided for them, but were scarcely afloat
when they were fired on and massacred
(June 27th), with the exception of about
150 women and children who were taken
back into Cawnpore as prisoners. But these
also were murdered in cold blood a short
time afterwards (July 16). The occasion
of this savage deed was the victorious ap-
proach of General Havelock. This brave
man, the very pattern of Christian Chivalry,
with no more than 2000 followers drove
the rebels through Cawnpore, defeated them
again at Bithoor, and immediately set out
on the desperate attempt to raise the siege
of the Residency at Lucknow.
About half way between Cawnpore and
Lucknow this little band of heroes, now
sadly reduced, gained its ninth victory over
a force of rebels many times exceeding
their own in numbers. But they were now
too much weakened by their very suc-
cesses to be able to proceed farther,
and found it absolutely necessary to re-
turn to Cawnpore, there to await that help