Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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present occupied by savage tribes and the >
trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company, i
The whole population amounts to nearly j
three millions. |
India is not, strictly speaking, a colony; |
it is a great military possession under the ;
immediate government of the East India j
Company, who retained it for purposes of re- ;
venue and trade. i
The rise of the British power in India is |
reckoned one of the most surprising things
in history. It originated in a charter grant-
ed in 1600 by Queen Elizabeth to a body
of English merchants, since known as the
East India Company. In 1611, they receiv-
ed permission from the native government
at Delhi to establish factories at Surat, and
other spots in Eastern Hindostan. About
the middle of the seventeenth century, a
settlement was formed at Madras; and by
the marriage of Charles II, with a princess
of Portugal, the valuable position of Bom-
bay was also obtained. At the beginning
of the eighteenth century, the French in-
fluence in India was considerable, and their
settlements superior to the English; but
from about the year 1750, when the forces
of the two nations came into collision, the
French gradually gave way, while our ter-
ritories rapidly extended, and a succesion of
conquests, almost forced upon us, placed
one district of India after another in our
In 1773, it was deemed proper to place
a check on the rapidly increasing power of
the Company, by the appointment of a go-
vernor-general on behalf of the Crown. At
a later period, a council and a Board of
Control were added. In 1780, Hyder Ali,
the sultan of Mysore, suddenly burst into
the Carnatic with an overwhelming force,
and ravaged all before him. The war,
which was continued with various success
under his son, Tippoo Saib, terminated at
length in the capture of Seringapatam and
the death of Tippoo, whose kingdom be-
came the spoil of the Enghsh. Early in the
present century, the jealousy of some of
the Mahratta i^ules led to another war of
conquest, which gave the victor extensive
territories in Central India, including Delhi,
the Mogul capital, and Agra, with the cus-
tody of the Mogul emperor. A war pro-
voked by the Burmese government in 1826,
added Assam and other provinces east of
the Bay of Bengal to British India. During
the war with Affghanistan, which lasted
from 1839 till 1842, it was felt to be very
desirable for the British to command the
navigation of the Indus; and Lord Ellen-
horough was induced to attempt the acqui-
sition of territory in Scindia. Here, also,
the natives were forced to yield before the
superior powers ofBritain. In the adjacent
kingdom of the Punjaub, events were still
more remarkable. A number of chiefs
among the Sikhs contending for the vacant
throne, provoked a collision with the Eng-
lish forces in 1845. The war terminated in
1849, by their unconditional surrender, and
the Punjaub was by proclamation annexed
to British India.
The extent of country now under the
immediate control of the East India Com-
pany is upwards of 1,000,000 square miles
— nearly four times the area of France,
and containing a population of above 140
millions. The Company's exclusive right
of trading to India was abolished at the
expiration of their charter in 1833; but by
an act which remained in force till 1854,
they still enjoyed the revenue, and held the
patronage of the civil and military appoint-
ments connected with the government of
the country. This revenue, which amounts
to about 21 millions sterling, is almost
wholly derived from assessments on the
land; and though these are so high as to
bear hard on the cultivators of the soil,
yet the condition of the people is said to
be much better than it was under the un-
steady governments of their native princes.
The army, maintained by the Company,
was composed partly of British troops,
and partly of native sepoys with British
Besides the above, a very large portion of
Hindostan was under the protection, though
not the direct government, of the Company.
The Island of Ceylon, situated off the south-
ern promontory of Hindostan, and contain-
ing an area of 24,664 square miles, with a
population of nearly a miUion and a half,
is now one of the most valuable of British
possessions. It received European colonists
first from Portugal in 1520. These were
superseded by the Dutch in the seventeenth
century, and these and the French settlers
by the English towards the close of the eigh-
teenth. Finally, in 1815, the British govern-
ment, at the invitation of the native chiefs,
assumed the sovereignty of the whole is-
land. It is a free colony, not connected
with the East India Company, but adminis-
tered by officers of the British crown. It
is celebrated for its extensive cinnamon
and coffee plantations, and its valuable
pearlfisherv. The gross revenue is Sterling
The whole of these territories lying in or
near Hindostan, are known by the common
appellation of East Indies; and from their