Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•137
nics' Institutions, through tl\e agency of
public lectures.
Ireland possesses six collegiate establish-
ments, in wich the higher departments of
science and literature are taught — namely.
Trinity College, Dublin; the Roman Catho-
lic College of Maynooth; and three pro-
vincial Queen's Colleges, with their com-
mon central University, erected under a re-
cent act of Parhament, unrestricted by re-
ligious tests, and open to students of every
denomination. The elementary schools con-
sist chiefly of those superintended by go-
venment commissioners, and supported by
parliamentary grants.
The chief educational estabhshments in
Scotland are — the universities of St. An-
drews, Aberdeen, Glasgow, and Edinburgh,
open to students of all denominations; the
recent and minor colleges connected with
the Episcopahan, Catholic, and Free chur-
ches; a number of academies and gram-
marschools established in the cities and
boroughs; several excellent institutions en-
dowed by private bequests; and the elemen-
tary schools which have long been estabhshed
in every parish. These parish schools are
considered an important feature in the sys-
tem of public instruction in Scotland.
Britain possesses upwards of thirty de-
pendencies in different parts of the world,
which it acquired by virtue of discovery or
conquest. The dependencies are of two
kinds — military estabhshments, useful for
the concentration of naval forces, such as
Gibraltar, Helgoland, Bermuda, and St.
Helena; and colonial possessions, valuable
for trade and the reception of emigrant
settlers, but still more important as the
means of extending the English language,
arts, and civihsed usages. The chief colo-
nies are geographically connected with Ame-
rica and the West Indies, and with .Austral-
asia.
The Spaniards and Portuguese were the
first European nations that colonised the
New World, and when the native Indians
perished before them, imported negroes
from Africa to perform the agricultural la-
bour as slaves. The English were not slow
to follow in their steps. Sir Walter Raleigh
formed a settlement in North America about
the year 1G07, and called it Virginia, in hon-
our of Queen Elizabeth. Two companies of
merchants enlarged the British territory,
I)art of which received the name of New
Kngland; and, subsequently, numerous bands
of religious and pohtical refugees sought a
home on its shores; but, as has already
been mentioned, when these colonies rose
in wealth and strength, they found them-
selves in a position to maintain their inde-
pendence of the mother-country, and before
the close of the last century, achieved that
independence; so that they are now no long-
er known to us as our colonies, but as the
independent repubhc of the United States
of America.
The settlements in the West Indian Is-
lands began to flourish in the half of the
seventeenth century, when factories were
established by private companies in Barba-
does and St. Christopher's and the culture
of the sugar-cane, transplanted from Brazil,
was found to succeed. During the Protec-
torate of Cromwell, Jamaica was conquered
from Spain, and opened a new source of
wealth. Trinidad; the smaller islands; the
district of Honduras or Belize, on the ad-
jacent coast of North America ; and Guiana,
in South America, have been acquired at
various periods since, and chiefly by con-
quest from Spain, Holland, and France.
All these territories are together denominat-
ed the British West Indies. They are the
oldest of our existing colonies, and are rich
in every tropical product, yielding sugar,
coffee, tobacco, cotton, cabinet timber,
spices, fruits, drugs, and dye-stuffs. Jamaica,
the largest and most important of the is-
lands, has an area of more than five thou-
sand square miles, with a population of
more than four hundred thousand, of which
only about thirty-eight thousand are whites,
the majority being negroes, most of whom
were originally slave labourers. Trinidad,
St. Lucia, Dominica, Barbadoes, and the
other islands belonging to Britain, may
contain an aggregate area of eighty-three
thousand square miles, with a population of
about four hundred and sixty thousand, of
which the greater portion are negroes
and Creoles. Belize is comparatively a small
territory; but Guiana has an area of sixty-
seven thousand square miles, with a popu-
lation of more than one hundred thous-
and.
Since the abolition of slavery by the Brit-
ish government, the want of labourers has
been severely felt, the coloured population
being generally disinclined to hired labour,
and the work to be done being unsuitable
to European constitutions. These colonies
are therefore, somewhat on the decline.
Since the independence of the North Ame-
rican states in 1776, the British possessions
in that continent have been wholly in the
northern section, embracing the province
of Canada, the colonies of Nova Scotia,
Cape Breton, Prince Edward's Island, New-
Brunswick and Newfoundland; and the vast
region stretching to the Artie Ocean, at