Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•121
sailors thought it necessary to study astro-
nomy. But as it frequently happens, espe-
cially in stormy weather, that the stars are
not to be seen, this method was subject to
great uncertainty, which rendered it danger-
ous to undertake distant voyages. At length,
near 500 years since, a property was dis-
covered in a mineral, called the magnet or
loadstone, which removed the difficulty.
This was, its polarity, or quality of always
pointing to the poles of the earth, that is,
due north and south. This it can commu-
nicate to any piece of iron, so that a needle
well rubbed in a particular manner by a
loadstone, and then balanced upon its centre
so as to turn round freely, will always point
to the north. With an instrument called a
mariner's compass, made of one of these
needles, and a card marked with all the
points, north, south, east, west, and the di-
visions between these, a ship may be steer-
ed to any part of the globe.
Charles. It is a very easy matter
then.
Father. Not quite so easy neither. In
a long voyage, cross or contrary winds blow
a ship out of her direct course, so that,
without nice calculations,'both of the straight
track she has gone, and all the deviations
from it, the sailors would not know where
they were, nor to what point to steer. It
is also frequently necessary to take observ-
ations, as they call it; that is, to observe
with an instrument where the sun's place in
the sky is at noon, by which they can de-
termine the latitude they are in. Other
observations are necessary to take the lon-
gitude. What these mean, I can show you
upon the globe. II is enough now to say,
that by means of both together, they can
tell the exact spot they are on at any"time;
and then, by consulting their map, and set-
ting their compass, they can steer right to
the place they want. But all this requires
a very exact knowledge of astronomy, the
use of the globes, mathematics, and arith-
metic, which you may suppose is not to be
acquired without much study. A great num-
ber of curious instruments have been in-
vented to assist in these operations; so that
there is scarcely any matter in which so
much art and science have been employed
as in navigation; and none but a very learn-
ed and civilized nation can excel in it.
Charles. But how is Tom Hardy to do?
for I am pretty s\ire he does not under-
stand any of these things?
Father. He must learn them, if he
means to come to any thing in his profes-
sion. He may, indeed, head a press-gang,
or command a boat's crew, without them;
but he will never be fit to take charge of
a man-of-war, or even a merchant ship.
Charles. However, he need not learn
Latin and Greek.
Father, I cannot say, indeed, that a
sailor has occasion for those languages; but
a knowledge of Latin makes it much easier
to acquire all modern languages; and I hope
you do not think them unnecessary to him.
Charles. I did not know they were of
such importance.
Father. No! Do you think that one
who may probably visit most countries in
Europe, and their foreign settlements, should
be able to converse in no other language
than his own? If the knowledge of lan-
guages is not useful to him, I know not to
whom it is so. He can hardly do at all
without knowing some; and the more he
knows the better.
Charles. Poor Tom! then I doubt he
has not chosen so well as he thinks.
Father, I doubt so too.
Here ended the conversation. They soon
after reached home, and Charles did not
forget to desire his father to show him on
the globe what longitude or latitude meant.
99. THE SHIP IS READY.
Fare thee well! the ship is ready,
And the breeze is fresh and steady.
Hands are fast the anchor weighing;
High in air the streamer's playing.
Spread the sails—the waves are swelling
Proudly round thy buoyant dwelling.
Fare thee well! and when at sea,
Think of those who sigh for thee.
When from land and home receding,
And from hearts that ache to bleeding,
Think of those behind, who love thee,
While the sun is bright above thee!
Then, as, down to ocean glancing,
In the waves his rays are dancing,
Think how long the night will be
To the eyes that weep for thee!
When the lonely night watch keeping
All below thee still and sleeping —
As the needle points the quarter
O'er the wide and trackless water,
Let thy vigils ever find thee
Mindful of the friends behind thee!
Let thy bosom's magnet be
Turned to those who wake for thee!
When, with slow and gentle motion.
Heaves the bosom of the ocean —
While in peace thy bark is riding.