Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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•119
give a new impression to Ijis son's mind,
which miglit counteract the effects of his
companion's suggestions.
Being acquainted with an East India cap-
tain who was on the point of sailing, he
went with his son to pay him a farewell
visit on hoard his ship. They were shown
all about the vessel, and viewed all the pre-
parations for so long a voyage. They saw
her weigh anchor and unfurl her sails; and
they took leave of their friend amid the
shouts of the seamen and all the bustle of
departure.
Charles was highly delighted with this
scene: and as they were returning, could
think and talk of nothing else. It was easy,
therefore, for his father to lead him into
the following train of discourse.
After Charles had been warmly express-
ing his admiration of the grand sight of a
large ship completely fitted out and get-
ting under sail; — I do not wonder (said
his father) that you are so much struck
with it: — it is, in reality, one of the finest
spectacles created by human skill, and the
noblest triumph of art over untaught na-
ture. About two thousand years ago, when
Julius Ccesar came over to this island, he
found the natives iu possession of no other
kind of vessels than a sort of canoe, form-
ed of wicker work covered with hides , and
no bigger than a man or two could carry.
But the largest ship in Cicsar's fleet was
not more superior to these, than the India-
man you have been seeing is to what that
was. OxiY savage ancestors ventured only
to paddle along the rivers or coasts, or
cross small arms of the sea in calm weather;
and Cajsar himself would have been alarm-
ed to be a few days out of sight of land.
But the ship we have just left is going by
itself to the opposite side of the globe, pre-
pared to encounter the tempestuous winds
and mountainous waves of the vast southern
ocean, and to find its way to its destined
port, though many weeks may pass with
nothing in view but sea and sky. Now what
do you think can be the cause of this pro-
digious difference in the powers of man at
one period and another?
Charles was silent.
Is it not (said his father) that there is a
great deal more knowledge in one than in
the other?
To be sure it is, said Charles.
Father. Would it not, think you,be as
impossible for any number of men, untaught,
by their utmost eflbrts, to build and navi-
gate such a ship as we have seen, as to fly
through the air?
Charles. I suppose if would.
Father. That we may be the more sen-
sible of this, let us consider how many arts
and professions are necessary for this pur-
pose. Come — you shall begin to name
them, and if you forget any, I will put you
in mind. What is the first?
Charles. The ship-carpenter, I think.
Father. True — what does he do?
Charles. He builds the ship.
Father, How is that done?
Charles. By fastening the planks and
beams together.
Father. But do you suppose he can do
this as a common carpenter makes a box
or set of shelves?
Charles. I do not know.
Father. Do you not think that such a
vast bulk requires a good deal of contriv-
ance to bring it into shape, and fit it for
all its pm-poses?
Charles. Yes.
Father. Some ships, you have heard,
sail quicker than others — some bear storms
better — some carry more lading — some
draw less water — and so on. You do not
suppose that all these things are left to
chance ?
Charles. No.
Father. In order with certainty to pro-
duce these effects, it is necessary to study
proportions very exactly, and to lay down
an accurate scale, by mathematical lines and
figures, after which to build the ship. Much
has been written upon the subject, and nice
calculations have been made of the resist-
ance which a ship meets with in making
way through the water, and the best means
of overcoming it; also, of the action of the
wind on the sails, and their action in push-
ing on the ship by means of the masts. All
these must be understood by a perfect ma-
ster of ship-building.
Charles. But 1 think 1 know ship-
builders who have never had an edu-
cation to fit them for understanding these
things.
Father. Very likely; but they have
followed by rote the rules laid down by
others; and as they work merely by imita-
tion, they cannot alter and improve as oc-
casion may require. Then. though common
merchant ships are trusted to such builders,
yet in constructing men of war and India-
men , persons of science are always employ-
ed. The French, however, attend to this
matter more than we do, and in conse-
quence their ships generally sail better than
ours.
Charles. But need a captain of a ship
know all these things?
Father. It may not be absolutely ne-