Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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101-
Stic. On each side the combat was obsti-
nate; and, if the attack was furious, the
resistance was not feeble.
In spite of all the efforts of the royal
troops, the provincials still maintained the
battle in this part, and had no thoughts of
retiring until they saw the redoubt and
upper part of the trench in the power of
the enemy. Their retreat was executed
with an order not to have been expected
from new levied soldiers.
This strenuous resistance of the left-wing
of the American army was, in effect, the
salvation of the rest; for, if it had given
ground a few moments sooner, the enemy's
light-infantry would have taken the main
body and right-wing in the rear, and their
situation would have been hopeless. But
the Americans had not yet reached the
term of their toils and dangers. The only
way that remained of retreat was, by the
isthmus of Charlestown, and the English
had placed there a ship of war and two
floating batteries, the balls of which raked
every part of it. The Americans, however,
issued from the peninsula without any con-
siderable loss.
The possession of the peninsula of Charles-
town was much less useless than preju-
dicial to the royalists. Their army was not
sufficiently numerous to guard, conveniently,
all the posts of the city and of the pen-
insula. The fatigues of the soldiers multi-
plied in an excessive manner: and, added
to the heat of the season, which was ex-
treme , they generated numerous and severe
maladies, which paralysed the movements
of the army, and enfeebled it from day to
day. The greater part of the wounds be-
came mortal, from the influence of the cli-
mate, and the want of proper food.
Thus, besides the honour of having con-
quered the field of battle, the victors gather-
ed no real fruit from the action; and, if its
effects be considered, upon the opinion of
other nations, and even of their own, as
also upon the force of the army, it was
even of serious detriment.
In the American camp, on the contrary,
provisions of every kind were in abundance,
and the troops being accustomed to the cli-
mate , the greater part of the wounded
were eventually cured: their minds were
animated with the new ardour of vengeance,
and the blood they had lost exacted a ple-
niary expiation. These dispositions were
fortified not a little by the firing of Charles-
town, which, from a flourishing town of
signal commercial importance, was thus re-
duced to a heap of ashes and of ruins.
The Americans could never turn their eyes
in this direction, without a thriU of indig-
nation , and without execrating the European
soldiers.
It would be difficult to paint the scene
of terror presented by the actual circum-
stances; — a large town, afl enveloped in
flames; which, excited by a violent wind,
rose to an immense height, and spread every
moment more and more: — an innumerable
multitude, rushing from all parts, to witness
so unusual a spectacle, and see the issue of
the sanguinary conflict that was about to
commence; — the Bostonians, and soldiers
of the garrison not in actual service, mount-
ed upon the spires, upon the roofs, and
upon the heights; — and the hills, and cir-
cumjacent fields, from which the dread
arena could be viewed in safety, covered
with swarms of spectators of every rank,
and age, and sex; each agitated by "fear or
hope, according to the party he espoused.
The English having advanced within reach
of musketry, the Americans showered upon
them a volley of bullets. This terrible fire
was so well supported, and so well direct-
ed, that the ranks of the assailants were
soon thinned and broken; they retired in
disorder to the place of their landing; some
threw themselves precipitately into the
boats.
The field of battle was covered with the
slain. The officers were seen running hither
and thither, with promises, with exhorta-
tions, and with menaces, attempting to rally
the soldiers, and inspire them for a second
attack. Finally, after the most painful ef-
forts, they resumed their ranks, and march-
ed up to the enemy. The Americans re-
served their fire, as before, until their ap-
proach, and received them with the same
deluge of balls. The English, overwhelm-
ed and routed, again fled to the shore.
In this perilous moment. General Howe
remained for some time alone upon the field
of battle; all the officers who surrounded
him were killed or wounded. It is related
that, at this critical conjecture, upon which
depended the issue of the day, General
Clinton, who, from Copp's Hill, examined
all the movements, on seeing the destruc-
tion of his troops, immediately resolved to
fly to their succour.
This experienced commander, by an able
movement, re-established order; and, se-
conded by the officers, who felt all the im-
portance of success .to English honour and
the course of events, he led the troops to
a third attack. It was directed against the
redoubt at three several points.
The artiflery of the ships not only pre-
vented all reinforcements from coming to