Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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eminence, named Copp's Hill, which , situat-
ed within the city, overlooks Charlestown
from the south, and is but three-fourths of
a mile distant from Breed's Hill.
But all this was without effect. The Ame-
ricans continued to work with unshaken con-
stancy, and, by noon, they had much ad-
vanced a trench, which descended from the
redoubt to the foot of the hill, and almost
to the bank of Mystic River. The fury of
the enemy's artillery, it is true, had pre-
vented them from carrying it to perfection.
In this conjuncture, there remained no
alternative for the English generals, but to
drive the Americans, by dint offeree, from
this formidable position. This resolution
was taken without hesitation, and it was
followed by the action of Breed's Hill,
known also by the name of Bunker's Hill.
The right-wing of the Americans was
flanked by the houses of Charlestown, which
they occupied; and the part of this wing,
which was connected with the main body,
was defended by the redoubt erected upon
Breed's Hill. The trench, following the
declivity of the hill, extended towards , but
without reaching, Mystic River.
The American officers, observing that the
weakest part of their line was precisely this
extremity of the left-wing — for the trench
not extending to the river and the land in
this place being smooth and nearly level,
there was danger of that wing being turn-
ed, and attacked in the rear —caused the
passage, between the extreme left and the
river, to be obstructed, by setting down
two parallel pahsades, or ranges of fence,
and filling up the space between them with .
new-mown grass.
The troops of Massachusetts occupied
Charlestown, the redoubt, and a part of the
trench, those of Connecticut, commanded
by Captain Nolten, and those of New
Hampshire, under Colonel Starke, the rest
of the trench. A few moments before the
action commenced, Doctor Warren, a man
of great authority, and a zealous patriot,
who had been appointed general, arrived
with some reinforcements. General Pome-
roy made his appearance at the same time.
The former joined the troops of his own
province, Massachusetts; the latter took
command of those from Connecticut. Ge-
neral Putnam directed in chief, and held
himself ready to repair to any point where
his presence should be most wanted.
The Americans had no cavalry. Their
artillery, without being very numerous, was,
nevertheless, competent. They wanted not
muskets, but the greater part of these
were without bayonets. Their sharp-shoot-
ers as marksmen had no equals.
Between mid-day and one o'clock, the
heat being intense, all was in motion in
the British camp. A multitude of sloops
and boats, filled with soldiers, left the shore
of Boston, and stood for Charlestown ; they
landed at Moreton's Point, about half a
mile south-east of the summit of Breed's
Hill, without meeting resistance; as the
ships of war and armed vessels effectually
protected the debarkation by the fire of the
artillery, which forced the enemy to keep
within his intrenchments.
This corps consisted of ten companies of
grenadiers, as many of hght-infantry, and
a proportionate artillery; the whole under
the command of Major-general Howe and
Brigadier-general Pigot. The troops on
landing began lo display, the hght-infantry
upon the right, the grenadiers upon the
left; but having observed the strength of
the position, and the good countenance of
the Americans, General Howe made a halt,
and sent for reinforcement.
On being reinforced, the English formed
themselves in two columns. Their plan was ,
that the left-wing, under General Pigot,
should attack the rebels in Charlestown,
while the centre should assault the redoubt,
and the right-wing, consisting of Ught-
infantry, force the passage near the River
Mystic, and thus assail the Americans in
flank and rear.
The dispositions having all been complet-
ed, the Enghsh put themselves in motion.
The provincials that were stationed to de-
fend Charlestown, fearing lest the assailants
should penetrate between this town and the
redoubt, and cut them off from the rest of
the army, retreated. The left-wing of the
English army immediately entered the town,
and fired the buildings; as they were of
wood, in a moment the combustions became
general.
The centre of the British force continued
a slow march against the redoubt and
trench; halting, from time to time, for the
artillery to come up, and act with some
effect, previous to the assault. Their gra-
dual advance, and the extreme clearness of
the air, permitted the Americans to level
their muskets. They, however, suffered the
enemy to approach before they commenced
their fire, and waited for the assault in pro-
found tranquillity.
While the left-wing and centre of the
English army were thus engaged, the light-
infantry had impetuously attacked the pa-
lisades which the provincials had erected,
in haste, upon the bank of the river My-